By – Stuart H. Pouliot
Fullness of the Nations—All Israel Saved
June 2019
For I do not want you to be ignorant of this mystery, brothers, so that you may not be wise
within yourselves, that hardness in part has happened to Israel until the fullness [multitude]
of the nations comes in…. (Romans 11:25 LITV [italic added])
And so, all Israel will be saved , even as it has been written, "The Deliverer will come out of
Zion, and He will turn away ungodliness from Jacob." (Romans 11:26 LITV [italic added])
As for me, God forbid that I should boast—except in the cross of our Lord Jesus the Messiah,
through whom the world has been crucified to me and I to the world. Circumcision, you
see, is nothing; neither is circumcision! What matters is new creation. Peace and mercy on
everyone who lines up by that standard—yes, on God's Israel . (Galatians 6:14-16 Kingdom
NT [italic added])
In Romans 9-11, Paul wrote of a mystery pertaining to the fullness of the nations and all Israel
being saved. Without doubt, this mystery is a source of much debate and controversy among the
theologians and expositors. As I try to do in most of my writings, I don't intend to try to sort
through the controversy; I'm not sure I could do it even if I wanted. I'll leave that to the debaters.
The conclusion that I drive toward in this article is this— all Israel that will be saved is the
multitude or fullness of the nations. Stated another way—the fullness of the nations is Israel. The
two are one and the same. To the Galatians, Paul called God's Israel new creation . This new
creation is the glorious fulfillment of the promises to Abraham, the father of nations. As is shown
in what follows, the phrase the fullness of the nations harkens back to the prophetic blessing
given by Jacob-Israel to Joseph's two sons as he adopted Ephraim and Manasseh. He blessed
them with his God-given name Israel and gave a firstborn blessing to Ephraim-Israel that from his
seed would come the fullness of the nations. This blessing was not lost on Paul, for he raised up
the theme of sonship and adoption in Romans 8:15, 23; 9:4; Galatians 4:5; and Ephesians 1:5, as
well as the fullness (or, multitude) of the nations (Romans 11:25).
Adding to this, Paul introduces the olive tree and its rich root as a metaphor of those who believe
in Messiah Jesus. He also stresses the process of ingrafting or, as I call it, graftage . Those who
believe in Jesus are grafted into the olive tree, whether as branches of the cultivated olive tree
or as branches from the wild olive tree. Naturally, those in Jesus' day, who believed much like
Paul, did not require grafting, for they were already a natural part of the olive tree. The ones who
required grafting were the believers in Messiah Jesus from among the nations (commonly called
gentiles ) who were previously separated from the commonwealth of Israel (Ephesians 2:8-22).
Consequently, all those grafted into the olive tree become God's Israel. It represents God's
chosen people from among all the nations, including physical Israelites. This constituted then and
Fulness of the Nations—All Israel Saved
June 2019
constitutes today the Israel God has always intended to have that is entirely based on His Son
and a new covenant based on a new heart, a new spirit, and God's law written on hearts.
Further—as I have shown in other articles noted below—down through the many centuries since
Calvary, the spirit of God has been grafting physical descendants of Israel into the olive tree, only
they do not know they are from one of the twelve tribes. Generally speaking, many today claim
descendancy as Jews from Judah and Levi mostly (possibly Benjamin as well), but practically no
one claims to be a descendant of the other ten tribes that went into dispersion from 745-721 BC
(and at other times). These tribes have been described as the lost tribes of the house of Israel.
There is a good deal of material along this line that I have referenced in other articles that won't
be repeated here. You are encouraged to read the following, along with this article.
Abraham's Multitude of Nations http://www.kingdomandglory.com/art/art63.pdf
Until Shiloh Comes http://www.kingdomandglory.com/art/art66.pdf
Dualism, Reversionism, Graftage http://www.kingdomandglory.com/art/art39.pdf
America—Wake Up! http://www.kingdomandglory.com/art/art67.pdf
Olive Tree in Scripture http://www.kingdomandglory.com/art/art34.pdf
To be clear, Paul does not make any direct assertion about the lost tribes; this I have read into
this portion of Romans—based on historical, etymological, anthropological, and archeological
evidences gleaned through others.
Now, it is not my intent to offer an analysis of every line of Romans 9-11. My intent is to provide
an overview (numerically listed) of these chapters (mostly in order, but not always), leading up
to the olive tree and how Paul concludes Romans 11. So, let's begin.
1. Gentiles are Goyim/Ethne—Nations
In Hebrew scripture, the word nation(s) is a translation of the word goy [plural, goyim ], and, in
Greek scripture, the word ethnos [plural, ethne ]. These are generic words that can apply to any
nation, whether speaking of ancient Israel or Judah, or any other nation in the world. However,
translators inject their interpretative bias by using the words gentile or heathen in order to make
a distinction between the nation of Judah (Jewish) or Israel and the rest of the nations that are
non-Jewish or non-Israelite. In Romans 9-11, it is common to see the word gentiles used up to
seven times; some translations mix it up a bit by translating the Greek ethne into either gentiles
or nations. I would appreciate them not making this distinction for me; I'll decide. I prefer the
more literal translations that are more concordantly accurate, which means they use the word
nations and not gentiles .
This bias is seen in the way these words are defined by Strong's Exhaustive Concordance .
Goy is "a foreign nation ; hence a Gentile ; also (figuratively) a troop of animals, or a flight of
locusts: - Gentile, heathen, nation, people."
Ethnos is "a race (as of the same habit ), that is, a tribe ; specifically, a foreign ( non-Jewish )
one (usually by implication pagan ): - Gentile, heathen, nation, people."
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June 2019
Notice how Strong defines these words in relation to something foreign to the Jew and makes
others outside of the Jews as heathen or pagan in their belief system. This arbitrary distinction
falls apart in Romans 11:25. The fullness of nations are not heathens, but believers.
Not to confuse you, but going forward, there are times when it is more convenient to use the
word gentiles . Hopefully, you will understand why.
2. Physical Israel
We must be clear that when Paul first mentions Israel or the Israelites, he is referring to physical
Israel, which could also be called ethnic or genealogical Israel. I will use these three terms
interchangeably. We cannot run from Paul's subject matter by spiritualizing it into something
other than physical Israel, or by making it all about only the physical Jews, as so many do. One
important evidence that Israel was on Paul's heart is the fact that, in these three chapters, Paul
references Israel (Israelites) thirteen times and Jews only twice. Paul focuses on something much
larger than the smaller tribe(s) of Jews (Judahites).
As an aside, in reading some commentary on these chapters, the commentators start by
mentioning Israel but then making their entire commentary about the Jews. This adds a layer of
confusion that is quite unnecessary. In Galatians 6:15-16, Paul joins the new creation with the
Israel of God . Nowhere in his letters does he call God's Israel, the Judahs of God . Romans is no
exception—he is entirely focused on God's Israel throughout Romans 9-11. Further, when Paul
reminds us that there is no longer a distinction between Jew and gentile, along with many other
groups, have you noticed that he never includes Israel in his lists of "no more distinctions"? Why?
Because Israel stands out as something apart from these distinctions. As shown later, the
explanation of why is found in the phrase all Israel will be saved .
Apparently, there is reason why the Jews held onto the name Israel . Why not? After all, as
descendants of Jacob-Israel, Jews are rightfully sons of Israel (see Ezra, Nehemiah). When the ten
tribes were lost to history and the Jews (primarily, Judah, Benjamin, Levi) returned to Judea, they
assumed the role and title of Israel . In addition, sometime after the first century, the Jews were
and still are the only ones making such a claim. No one nation or ethnic group in the world claims
to be descendants of one of the other ten tribes lost to history. Thus, the two names became
synonymous, even to the present day, something the church has adopted as well. Adding to this,
the modern-day Jewish nation called Israel took the name, thus reinforcing the perception. In
studying this section of Romans, we need to keep these distinctions in mind.
3. Jews and Greeks
Of the two references to Jews (Romans 9:24; 10:12), the most interesting one emphasizes there
is no longer a distinction between Jew or Greek. Notice that it is not gentiles, but Greeks. For
there is no distinction between Jews and Greeks . Why Greeks and not gentiles? Prior to the
Romans, the Greeks had conquered much territory; consequently, they left their mark in
language and culture throughout the known world. To make the Greeks synonymous with the
gentiles is no stretch. However, there may be another reason why Paul uses the word Greeks .
Fulness of the Nations—All Israel Saved
June 2019
In Paul's day, there were two types of Jews—Hebrew Jews and Hellenistic Jews. Hellenes or
Hellenistic Jews had adopted the Greek language and much of the Greek culture through
acculturation (see Acts 6). When the Jews were taken captive by the Babylonians, like the
Israelites, a remnant returned to Judea but most remained behind and over time some migrated
to other areas and nations. Some ended in Greek speaking areas/nations where they were
integrated into their host society, while others migrated back to Judea and others made
pilgrimages to Jerusalem for the feasts. However, the Hellenistic Jews were so distinct from
nonintegrated Hebrew Jews that the Hellenes had their own synagogues in Jerusalem. These
distinctions can be seen in Acts 14:1; 18:4, and 19:10—Paul tried to persuade both the Jews and
the Greeks in the synagogues. What were Greeks doing in synagogues if they weren’t Jews? So,
when Paul said the gospel went to the Jew first and also to the Greek (Romans 1:16), he could
have been referring to the two types of Jews receiving the good news first. We need not exclude
non -Jews from this group, but it is clear that the emphasis in the early ministry of the disciples,
including that of Paul, was on reaching the Jews.
To the dispensational dualists, why would Paul try to persuade them if they were God's chosen
simply based on the physical and they had some unique destiny? Why not let them go if they
were supposedly on a different path from the rest of the church?
What does this mean in our context? Paul, throughout his epistles, makes the point that there is
no division in the Messiah (Galatians 3:28; Colossians 3:11). The two types of Jews were divided,
so he stressed that in Christ even this division has been removed. Carrying it to its fullest measure,
there is no division or distinction for anyone of any kind in Christ. Paul was the apostle of this
4. A Pained Heart
Stepping away from doctrine or theology and pressing into Paul's heart, we realize that this
brother in Christ was nearly heartbroken that many of his fellow kinsmen from all the tribes were
pruned out of the olive tree. Step into Paul's passionate heart.
I'm speaking the truth in the Messiah; I'm not lying. I call my conscience as witness, in the
holy spirit, that I have great sorrow and endless pain in my heart. Left to my own self, I am
half-inclined to pray that I would be accursed, cut off from the Messiah, on behalf of my
own family, my own flesh-and-blood relatives. They are Israelites; the sonship, the glory,
the covenants, the giving of the law, the worship and promises all belong to them. The
patriarchs are their ancestors; and it is from them, according to the flesh, that the Messiah
has come—who is God over all, blessed forever. Amen! But it can't be the case that God's
word has failed! Not all who are from Israel, you see, are in fact Israel. (Romans 9:1-6
Kingdom NT)
Outwardly, it might have looked like God failed to reach His intended purpose for Israel. This
might have been what drove Paul to pen Romans 9-11. I see these three chapters as I do 1
Corinthians 15. To the Corinthians, Paul defends the resurrection. To the Romans, Paul defends
and explains Israel, but perhaps, not in the way most think, at least as I interpret it.
Fulness of the Nations—All Israel Saved
June 2019
5. Not All Israel are Israel
Paul could not accept that God's word failed for Israel. It wasn't possible. Paul's answer to this
troubling contradiction is that not all Israel is in fact Israel. What did he mean by this? As
expected, there are many theories about this. One of the accepted thoughts is that Paul is
referring to Abraham's family tree that has many branches and the only one that matters is the
Isaac branch. This is true—Paul makes his case for this in the next few verses. But here, I believe
Paul is considering Jacob.
The phrase all who are not from Israel is explained more clearly by other translations, such as this
one: For not all those who are descended from Israel are truly Israel (Romans 9:6 LEB). The words
descended and truly do not appear in the Greek, but they do help to add some acceptable clarity.
At this point, Paul embarks down a road that explains his concept (and God's) of the Israel of God.
In this way, it could be called the true Israel, as some commentators do. So, although Paul groans
for his blood relatives from the tribes of Israel, right up front, he acknowledges that this is not
the true Israel that he is writing about. He was groaning desiring that the blood descendants of
Israel would come into the true Israel as God has always planned, not the one that failed so
Keep in mind that Israel is Jacob who was given the name Israel by God; it was not his natural
name given at birth. Here is an excerpt from my article Until Shiloh Comes that explains Jacob's
wrestling match with the angel.
What Jacob received was far greater than any fleshly victory of man; he received a new
name and a new nature. Jacob's wrestler was no mere man but God (angel) wrestling with
him. He proclaimed that he saw God face to face as he wrestled with the angel called Peniel ,
yet his life had been preserved. Peniel means "the presence of God"—this angel stood in
the presence of God. Thus, he was given a new name from God that spoke of his new nature
and prophetically would be attached not only to his descendants but to the multitude of
nations promised through his grandfather Abraham. A new day had dawned on Jacob.
"Your name shall no longer be Jacob, but Israel! "
Footnotes in some bibles say Israel means "he who strives with God; or God strives".
However, E.W. Bullinger in his Companion Bible gives what I believe to be a more
appropriate definition of Israel. God rules.
Israel "God commands, orders or rules." Man attempts it but always, in the end,
fails. Out of some forty Hebrew names compounded with "El" or "Jah," God is always
the doer of what the verb means (cp. Daniel, God judges).
It is this name, meaning God commands, orders or rules , that was given to Jacob.
Don't miss the significance of this name. To hold the name of Israel is not based on genes but on
heart—a heart that has faith to believe in Jesus. An Israelite is one who lives under the rule of
Fulness of the Nations—All Israel Saved
June 2019
God; get out from under this rule and you are no longer an Israelite. I believe this must be read
into Paul's defense of Israel; otherwise, Israel simply remains a nationalistic or ethnic term.
Paul knew the history of the Israelites and all the Hebrew scripture that went along with it. Just
because one was born of the bloodline of Jacob didn't guarantee that one would be an Israelite
in the eyes of God. No one got a free pass just because they were from the right gene pool. Faith
and God's rule (commands) were always at the heart of the name.
Consider the history of the ten tribes that went off to Samaria after Solomon's kingdom was split
in two. From 745-721 BC, the tribes were cast out of their land and dispersed among the nations,
losing their national name Israel . In relation to the ten tribes, this name was lost to history. Even
some (ultra) orthodox Jews of our day acknowledge this; and, by the way, also acknowledge that
Israel in the Middle East today has no right to be there with the name either.
Or, consider the twelve tribes coming out of Egypt as the sons of Israel. They could have gone
straight away into their inheritance in the land, but what happened? Of the twelve spies that
went into the land, only two, Joshua and Caleb, had the faith to trust God and enter into their
inheritance. They alone saw that the land was good and that Israel needed to obey the Lord. Of
Caleb, the Lord said: " But My servant Caleb, because he has had a different spirit and has followed
Me fully, I will bring into the land which he entered, and his descendants shall take possession of
it " (Numbers 14:24). Caleb's spirit had faith in the Lord. Of Joshua and Caleb, it is said that they
were faithful to the Lord. These two men were true Israelites. Well, you know the end of the
story. The entire first generation, except Joshua and Caleb, were banished to die in the wilderness
over the next 38 or so years. The first-generation Israel died without receiving the inheritance.
Numerous examples are found in Hebrew scripture, nationally and individually, but the point is
that no one, not even the entire nation of Israel or Judah, for that matter, ever got a free pass
with the Lord just because they were of a certain bloodline. To make the claim that modern-day
Jews (or, wrongly called Israelites ) are chosen because they lay a claim to Jacob while they reject
Jesus as Israel's Messiah is untenable and contrary to history and scripture. Jesus called ones who
claim to be Jews, on this basis, liars. They say they are Jews but they are not (Revelation 2:9; also
3:9). Paul defines a true Jew for us: For he is not a Jew who is one outwardly, nor is circumcision
that which is outward in the flesh (Romans 2:28).
I am slightly off course by injecting the Jews into the storyline since Paul clearly is stressing Israel,
but the same arguments apply to both. However, I believe the term Jew will fade away in history,
as the term Israel continues on to the consummation of the ages. Again, Israel is prominent in
Paul's defense that leads up to all Israel will be saved . This Israel is one of faith, not of genetics
or of works of the law, but it does not exclude ethnic Israelites, who have no generational
knowledge of their roots—rather it embraces them, along with all who come out of the nations.
6. The Promise
It seems as if Paul goes backward in his defense by bringing Abraham and Sarah into the picture.
(I am selectively using different translations that make the point, even if they are more
paraphrased than translated, although, the Kingdom NT is actually a translation.)
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June 2019
In fact, when God made the promise to Abraham, he meant only Abraham's descendants
by his son Isaac. (Romans 9:7 CEV)
Nor is it the case that all the children count as "seed of Abraham." No: "in Isaac shall your
seed be named." That means that it isn't the flesh-and-blood children who are God's
children; rather, it is the children of promise who will be calculated as "seed." This was
what the promise said, you see: "Around this time I shall return, and Sarah shall have a
son." (Romans 9:7-9 Kingdom NT)
Paul had already elaborated on the faith of Abraham in Romans 4 and also in his letter to Galatia.
Sarah and Mary had one thing in common—both required a direct act of God to conceive a child
of promise. Isaac was a child of promise—a promise that he would come forth from Abraham
and Sarah, not from Hagar or any other bondwoman or concubine. The ultimate seed is Christ,
the Messiah of Israel.
See Cast Out the Bondwoman http://www.kingdomandglory.com/art/art25.pdf
Now the promises were spoken to Abraham and to his seed. He does not say, "And to
seeds," as referring to many, but rather to one, "And to your seed," that is, Christ.
(Galatians 3:16 NASB)
Of course, there is a lot that could be said about the "seed." The point is that faith is paramount.
The following translation makes the point: Everything depends on having faith in God and that
faith is in the "seed," that is, in Messiah—whether one is a descendant of Abraham or not.
Abraham let himself be circumcised to show that he had been accepted because of his faith
even before he was circumcised. This makes Abraham the father of all who are acceptable
to God because of their faith, even though they are not circumcised. This also makes
Abraham the father of everyone who is circumcised and has faith in God, as Abraham did
before he was circumcised. God promised Abraham and his descendants that he would give
them the world. This promise wasn't made because Abraham had obeyed a law, but
because his faith in God made him acceptable. If Abraham and his descendants were given
this promise because they had obeyed a law, then faith would mean nothing, and the
promise would be worthless. God becomes angry when his Law is broken. But where there
isn't a law, it cannot be broken. Everything depends on having faith in God , so that God's
promise is assured by his great kindness. This promise isn't only for Abraham's descendants
who have the Law. It is for all who are Abraham's descendants because they have faith, just
as he did. Abraham is the ancestor of us all. (Romans 4:11-16 CEV [italic added])
Paul elaborates on Romans 4:16 in his Galatians epistle, where he defines a descendant of
Abraham: And if you belong to Christ, then you are Abraham's descendants, heirs according to
promise (Galatians 3:29). In other words, a descendant is no longer a physical one, but one who
is of the faith of Abraham and that faith believes in Jesus. This is the basis of the expression not
all Israel are Israel , as well as the basis for the meaning of Israel.
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June 2019
7. God's Choice and His Mercy
Paul moves on to the twins of Rebekah—Jacob and Esau—and how God chose one over the
other. For more on Jacob-Israel and the birthright, again see the previously noted link for Until
Shiloh Comes .
For, not as yet being born, nor putting into practice anything good or bad, that the purpose
of God may be remaining as a choice, not out of acts, but of Him Who is calling, it was
declared to her that "The greater shall be slaving [serving] for the inferior, according as it
is written, "Jacob I love, yet Esau I hate." (Romans 9:11-13 CLV [NASB])
As the Creator, God gets to call the shots, so to speak. God calls and He chooses, and this is done
all in accordance with His plan and purpose. We see this with Jesus as well: You did not choose
Me, I chose you (John 15:16).
For the Scripture says to Pharaoh, "For this very purpose I have raised you up, that I might
show my power in you, and that my name might be proclaimed in all the earth." (Romans
9:17 ESV)
Isn't God being unfair to Pharaoh? Some will say that God knew his heart and only did to him
what was in his heart. Of course, God knows hearts, but this is not what Paul's quote from
scripture is about. All that transpired between Moses and Pharaoh, including hardening the king's
heart, was to fulfill God's purpose. The same is said about Esau. God didn't hate Esau in the sense
that we hate one another. After all, the Lord blessed Esau; just not to the great degree he blessed
Jacob. He loved Jacob more than Esau.
This is Paul's point: So, then He has mercy on whom He desires, and He hardens whom He desires
(Romans 9:18). Who will find fault with God? Who resists His will? Is God unjust? No! Whatever
He does, it is all part of His plan. All will work out to His glory in the end and perfect justice will
be rendered to all. God will never rightly be accused of being unjust!
8. Potter and the Clay
Paul illustrates his point of mercy through the potter and the thing molded.
On the contrary, who are you, O man, who answers back to God? The thing molded will not
say to the molder, "Why did you make me like this," will it? Or does not the potter have a
right over the clay, to make from the same lump one vessel for honorable use and another
for common use? (Romans 9:20-21 NASB)
Paul, who was well-versed in Hebrew scripture, most likely drew his imagery from Jeremiah.
The word which came to Jeremiah from the LORD saying, "Arise and go down to the potter's
house, and there I will announce My words to you." Then I went down to the potter's
house, and there he was, making something on the wheel. But the vessel that he was
making of clay was spoiled in the hand of the potter; so he remade it into another vessel,
Fulness of the Nations—All Israel Saved
June 2019
as it pleased the potter to make. Then the word of the LORD came to me saying, "Can I not,
O house of Israel, deal with you as this potter does?" declares the LORD. "Behold, like the
clay in the potter's hand, so are you in My hand, O house of Israel. (Jeremiah 18:1-6 NASB)
Although Jeremiah was in the midst of Judah, special note must be made of who he is
referencing—it is the house of Israel, not Judah. He has another word for Judah. This was a
prophetic word pointing to the fact that the Lord took the vessel Israel and cast it out and
dispersed it among the nations. When He did this, as the potter, He crumbled up the clay, so to
speak, so that He could remold it into something new, that is, remake it into another vessel. As
we will see, this vessel is a remolded Israel, based on faith that incorporates both physical
Israelites and others outside of Israel—this is Abraham's multitude of nations. To those who
argue against using the term new Israel, I would remind them that there is a new Jerusalem, along
with a new heaven and a new earth. I think those who oppose new Israel need to reconsider their
argument based on this one set of verses out of Jeremiah. Bookmark this; I am coming back to
this thought when we arrive at Romans 11.
Rounding this out—Jeremiah had a special and specific word for Judah and Jerusalem.
'Thus says the LORD of hosts, "Just so will I break this people and this city, even as one
breaks a potter's vessel, which cannot again be repaired; and they will bury in Topheth
because there is no other place for burial. (Jeremiah 19:11 NASB)
Jeremiah was told to buy a potter's earthenware jar and break it in the midst of the elders in the
valley of Ben-hinnom. The message was clear. The Lord was going to break Judah and destroy its
city so that it cannot again be repaired. The word again can be interpreted as continually or
repeatedly . Some translations state that it cannot be made whole again . The point is that the
Lord was going to destroy the city that held his name and in which He made known His presence
in the temple. The city and the temple were destined for Topheth in the valley of Ben-hinnom or,
in Greek scripture, the gehenna of fire .
From 604-597 BC, at God's behest, the Babylonians did just that; they destroyed it all. As we
know, however, the city and the temple were rebuilt. When Jesus arrived on the scene the temple
had become a robbers' den (Mathew 21:13). The city itself was defiled, and it thrust Jesus outside
of it to be crucified (outside the camp). Because of this heinous rejection of Israel's Messiah and
God, in parable, Jesus proclaimed: " But the king was enraged, and he sent his armies and
destroyed those murderers and set their city on fire " (Matthew 22:7). This was fulfilled in 70 AD
by the Roman army that God hired, much like He did with the Babylonians.
By the way, the fire Jesus spoke of was the gehenna of fire that He spoke of eleven times to the
Jews, referring to the garbage dump outside of Jerusalem. This was the Topheth to which the city
and the temple were destined. Unfortunately, translators and most all theologians have masked
the real meaning of gehenna by erroneously translating it as hell . I have written on this.
See Hell—Reality or Pagan Imagery http://www.kingdomandglory.com/art/art59.pdf
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June 2019
The question is: Is Jeremiah's potter-earthenware jar prophecy still in play? Today, there is a fully
rebuilt modern-day city of Jerusalem in the midst of a Jewish nation called Israel . Some make the
point that Jerusalem has been rebuilt up to nine times. But since its days of glory under Solomon,
it has never truly been made whole again . Even today, it is no such thing, for it lacks a temple. Of
course, scripturally, it does not need one, for there is a new temple—the body of Christ. But this
poses a question, based on Jeremiah's prophecy: Is there a day on the horizon when the Lord will
once again send an army to deal with Jerusalem and, possibly, a rebuilt temple that tramples
underfoot the Son of God? I don't know! But, if Jeremiah's prophecy still holds, the earthly
Jerusalem will never be made whole again, no longer rebuilt continually or repeatedly .
But there is one more point to be highlighted. Regardless of the possibilities, I believe that Judah
itself will be absorbed back into Israel, never to be seen as a single entity (explained in Until Shiloh
Comes ). Nevertheless, according to Paul's defense of Israel, it appears that Israel takes center
stage, never to be lost again. It has been remolded into what we call Christian . This is not
replacement theology; it is graftage!
9. "My People" and the Remnant
In reference to the Jews and the gentiles (ethnos; nations), Paul invokes Hosea and Isaiah.
Whom He also called, not only us, of Jews , but also out of nations . As also He says in Hosea,
I will call those Not My people, My people! And those not beloved, Beloved! Hosea 2:23
"And it shall be, in the place where it was said to them, You are not My people, there they
will be called, "Sons of the Living God." LXX-Hos. 2:1; MT-Hos. 2:23 But Isaiah cries on behalf
of Israel, "If the number of the sons of Israel be as the sand of the sea, the remnant will be
saved." For He is bringing the matter to an end, and having been cut short "in
righteousness," "because the Lord" "will do a thing cut short" "on the earth." Isa. 10:22, 23
And as Isaiah has said before, "Except the Lord of hosts left a seed to us, we would have
become as Sodom, and we would have become as Gomorrah." Isa. 1:9 (Romans 9:24-29
LITV [bold italic added)
I believe he uses the term Jews because the good news went to the Jews first, for they were the
ones that lived in Judea in that day, of which Paul was one of them—a saved remnant!
However, Hosea was a prophet to Israel not to Judah. There is a lot to the above prophecy, but
here it is in a nutshell. The Lord dispersed or scattered Israel (ten tribes) among the nations. There
they lost their national identity as Israel and became part of the nations or gentiles. As one
commentator has noted; they became gentilized . Due to their idolatry, they became "not My
people." When the good news went forth, it found a remnant of the sons of Israel (most likely,
some from all twelve tribes) that were given the faith to believe on Jesus, the Messiah of Israel.
In that place where they had settled outside the land of their forefathers, they were found and
became "My people," "the sons of the living God." This all has to do with the migration of the
sons of Israel, as I have written about in Abraham's Multitude of Nations .
Some commentators who agree along this line do not see physical Israel included in "My people."
This is based on their failure to recognize that Israel, among the nations, had become gentiles
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themselves (not My people), that is, like all the other nations of the world outside of physical
Israel (also, not My people). It is vital for us not to be narrow-minded in our thinking, as if much
of scripture must be interpreted as mutually exclusive. I see many things as mutually inclusive,
for that is what the good news is all about. In this case, both physical Israelites that were
gentilized and true gentiles (ethnos; nations) are included. And this is especially true in the light
of where we are going with Paul's metaphor of the olive tree and all Israel will be saved .
What about Isaiah's remnant? We might be led to think this is a rather small number. In Paul's
day, and all the years of Israel prior, surely a remnant could have been small. Depending on
whose estimate one uses, the world population was no larger than 300 million in Jesus' day to 20
or so million 2,000 years earlier. Naturally, these are only estimates, so we can only take them so
far. Going forward from Jesus' day, growth of the world population began to increase until it
began to grow exponentially. Today, the projection is that there are about 7.5 billion of us
occupying planet earth. How large does a remnant called out of the domain of darkness and
transferred into the kingdom of the Son of God's love have to be given these numbers? How large
is the remnant that has come out of darkness into the light by grace through faith since Calvary?
Estimates put Christianity at over 2 billion of us today?
Surely, every generation has had a remnant of the physical descendants of Israel come to faith;
only most of them never knew they were descendants, even to this day. This remnant, along with
those who are not descendants, are the Christians who make up the multitude of nations
promised to Abraham on the basis of faith. To be clear, on a much larger scale, the remnant is
the entire ecclesia, the body of Christ, called out from among the entire population of the world—
those of the faith of Abraham.
10. Faith
Paul starts chapter 10 with his heart's desire and prayer to God for his native brethren to come
into salvation— who were zealous for God, but not in accordance with knowledge . Paul continues
to build his defense that salvation is all based on faith. Whoever believes in Him will not be
disappointed (Romans 10:11). Whoever calls on the name of the Lord will be saved (Romans
10:13). How beautiful are the feet of those who bring good news of good things! (Romans 10:15).
So, faith comes by hearing and hearing by the word of Christ (Romans 10:17). In all this, we need
to note that Paul is quoting Hebrew scripture, proving that faith was the path all along. Even the
law was supposed to be applied by faith, not by the letter or by works.
We don't have to dwell here, for faith is the hallmark of being Christian or a Christ- abider ! Paul is
quite diligent to make sure we all get the point.
11. New Heart, New Spirit
Paul appeals to Hebrew scripture once again. Notice how he proves his points by invoking the
But not all obeyed the gospel, for Isaiah says, "Lord, who has believed our report?" Isa. 53:1
Then faith is of hearing, and hearing through the Word of God. But I say, Did they not hear?
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Yes, rather, "into all the earth their voice went out, and to the ends of the world their
words." LXX-Psa. 18:5; MT-Psa. 19:4 But I say, Did not Israel know? First, Moses says, "I will
provoke you to jealousy by a non-nation, by an unwise nation I will anger you." Deut. 32:21
But Isaiah is very bold and says, "I was found by those not seeking Me; I became known to
those not inquiring after Me." Isa. 65:1 But to Israel He says, "All the day I stretched out My
hands to a disobeying and contradicting people." Isa. 65:2 (Romans 10:16-21 LITV)
You see, the gospel went forth to the ancient sons of Israel, but they did not obey it. God
stretched out His hand all the day to reach the heart of His chosen nation. But did they get it! The
promises were all there, if only they obeyed the Lord. If they obeyed, then God would act on their
behalf. He would do all that He promised!
"So, circumcise your heart, and stiffen your neck no longer. (Deuteronomy 10:16 NASB;
also, Jeremiah 4:4)
"Moreover, the LORD your God will circumcise your heart and the heart of your
descendants, to love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul, so that
you may live. (Deuteronomy 30:6 NASB)
This points to the Lord's purpose in circumcision; it was meant to be a sign of a change of heart,
not an outward cutting away of the flesh. Paul stresses this in Romans 2:9, Philippians 3:3, and
Colossians 2:11.
"Behold, days are coming," declares the LORD, "when I will make a new covenant with the
house of Israel and with the house of Judah, not like the covenant which I made with their
fathers in the day I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt, My
covenant which they broke, although I was a husband to them," declares the LORD. "But
this is the covenant which I will make with the house of Israel after those days," declares
the LORD, "I will put My law within them and on their heart, I will write it; and I will be their
God, and they shall be My people. "They will not teach again, each man his neighbor and
each man his brother, saying, 'Know the LORD,' for they will all know Me, from the least of
them to the greatest of them," declares the LORD, "for I will forgive their iniquity, and their
sin I will remember no more." (Jeremiah 31:31-34 NASB)
This is quoted in Hebrews 8 as the new covenant for the house of Israel and the house of Judah.
And I will also give you a new heart, and I will put a new spirit within you. And I will take
away the stony heart out of your flesh, and I will give to you a heart of flesh. And I will put
My Spirit within you and cause you to walk in My statutes, and you shall keep My judgments
and do them. (Ezekiel 36:26-27 LITV)
All these great promises were made clear to God's ancient people. Unfortunately, they missed
the point, but this was no excuse. Paul, who was a diligent student of Hebrew scripture, took
these truths, and more, and interpreted and incorporated them into his epistles as truth under
the new covenant in Jesus, for those who are given the faith to believe.
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Now, this brings us to chapter 11 and Paul's closing defense of Israel.
12. I am an Israelite
Paul seems to come to a crescendo in his angst over all that he has laid out about Israel. You can
just hear Paul's heart cry for his people that seemed to be tormenting his soul. He proclaimed
that he was a believing Israelite.
I say then, did not God thrust away His people? Let it not be! For I also am an Israelite, out
of Abraham's seed, of the tribe of Benjamin. "God did not thrust away His people" whom
He foreknew. Psa. 94:14 Or do you not know what the Scripture said in Elijah, how he
pleaded with God against Israel, saying, (Romans 11:1-2 LITV)
Lord, "they killed Your prophets," "and they dug down Your altars," "and only I am left, and
they seek my life." 1 Kg. 19:10 But what does the Divine answer say to him, "I reserved to
Myself seven thousand men who did not bow a knee to Baal." 1 Kg. 19:18 So then, also in
the present time a remnant according to election of grace has come into being. But if by
grace, no longer is it of works; else grace no longer becomes grace. But if of works, it is no
longer grace; else work is no longer work. (Romans 11:3-6 LITV)
Paul was living proof that there is a remnant, much like in the days of Elijah. I wonder if Paul had
the exact same experience as Elijah did. I can see Paul talking to the Lord: "Lord, am I one of the
only ones left?" And, the Lord answers: "I always have My 7,000, even if it appears contrary to
what is seen in the natural. Remember Elijah!" As in Elijah's day, in the midst of declension, these
are the Lord's conquerors.
But a word of caution. Some use the above verses to support a doctrine that says there is a
remnant within the believing body of Christ. Paul makes no such assertion. Clearly, he is referring
to a remnant of Israelites in his day and not a remnant within the church in our day.
It does seem that Paul was faced with some type of replacement theology ("Israel is totally out
of the picture; we gentiles have it all now") in his day, or perhaps, the holy spirit was looking
down the road to when this theology would surface and need to be challenged.
The message to us today is—don't get cocky as if you think you are so special that there is no one
else out there. God knows what He is doing, and He always has His chosen that He is using to
work out His plan to achieve His ultimate purpose of all in love. Today, it could be 7,000, 7 million,
or 700 million, for all we know. Eventually, it will be all 7 billion and more!
Later, Paul also adds to this—don't get cocky towards those who say they are Jews but are not.
They are in unbelief just as you were. Make them jealous in a loving way that they are without
Israel's Messiah who died for them and is now alive, seated at the right hand of the throne of
glory. Do not be conceited, but fear; for if God did not spare the natural branches, He will not
spare you, either (Romans 11:21). This is stressed in the next point.
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13. Some Chosen, Some Hardened
What then? That which Israel seeketh after, the same, it hath not obtained:—the election,
however, have obtained it, and, the rest, have been hardened;— Even as it is written—God
hath given unto them a spirit of stupor,—eyes not to see, and ears not to hear,—until this
very day …. (Romans 11:7-8 Rotherham)
I am saying, then, do they not trip that they should be falling? May it not be coming to that!
But in their offense is salvation to the nations, to provoke them to jealousy." (Romans 11:11
It seems that Paul was dealing with some who were looking down upon the Jews (here I will use
the word since he was in the midst of Jews), much like how the Jews looked down upon the
gentiles when they (Jews) were the apparent favored. It is as if Paul is saying: "No! don't do that,
we need to make them jealous, so that they will turn and be saved." This was Paul's heart— if
somehow, I might move to jealousy my fellow countrymen and save some of them . His
countrymen's rejection is the conciliation of the world—that is, the Lord has made peace with
the entire world, broken down all barriers to His presence, and ultimately made way for all to
come to Him, not just a chosen ethnic group. God has made peace with you—all of you—now
you make peace with God. When there is peace between God and man, it is called reconciliation .
Both have accepted the peace treaty. Let the world know this great truth! This is the glory of the
good news. The door is now wide open to enter through the Door.
Unfortunately for the Jews of our day, they continue to fight against peace, literally with their
neighbors, as they reject God's Son, Yeshua.
For if their casting away is the conciliation of the world, what will the taking back be if not
life from among the dead? (Romans 11:15 CLV)
So that, if anyone is in Christ, there is a new creation: the primitive passed by. Lo! there has
come new!" Yet all is of God, Who conciliates us to Himself through Christ, and is giving us
the dispensation of the conciliation , how that God was in Christ, conciliating the world to
Himself, not reckoning their offenses to them, and placing in us the word of the
conciliation." (2 Corinthians 5:17-19 CLV)
And He is the Head of the body, the ecclesia, Who is Sovereign, Firstborn from among the
dead, that in all He may be becoming first, for in Him the entire complement delights to
dwell, and through Him to reconcile all to Him (making peace through the blood of His
cross), through Him, whether those on the earth or those in the heavens." And you, being
once estranged and enemies in comprehension, by wicked acts, yet now He reconciles "
(Colossians 1:18-21 CLV)
However, to do this, the Lord hardened those who were not of the remnant of Israel. I believe
this was essential for the gospel to go forth unhindered. If the eyes of all the Jews in Paul's day
were opened, it would have been near impossible for them to accept the gentiles as co-equals.
Even the early church struggled with this and had to deal with believing Jews that were still
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holding to the old covenant way. The book of Hebrews faced this challenge head on. Christianity
would never have been set free from Judaism without God removing the prejudices of that day
that were very powerful forces against the inclusiveness of the gospel message. (What about the
prejudices of our day? What will God do to remove these, even from among His people?) This is
also why I believe the Lord had to burn Jerusalem and the temple in 70 AD. Is God unjust? As Paul
proclaims: No! I will share my view how this all works out as I conclude this article.
14. Rich Root of the Olive Tree
For if their rejection is the reconciliation of the world, what will their acceptance be but life
from the dead? If the first piece of dough is holy, the lump is also; and if the root is holy,
the branches are too. (Romans 11:15-16 NASB)
Paul continued to hold out hope for his brethren that came from a holy lump and a holy root with
holy branches. Here is where Paul interjects the metaphor of the rich root of the olive tree with
its holy branches. It is interesting that Paul gives no forewarning or any indication of this olive
tree in any of his other letters. Why? Because it is a necessary defense of the salvation of Israel,
and this is the only place that he makes such a defense.
But if some of the branches were broken off, and you, being a wild olive, were grafted in
among them and became partaker with them of the rich root of the olive tree, do not be
arrogant toward the branches; but if you are arrogant, remember that it is not you who
supports the root, but the root supports you. You will say then, "Branches were broken off
so that I might be grafted in." (Romans 11:17-19 NASB)
There is no question about the root of the olive tree. It is safe and secure. In scripture, the first
intimation of the olive tree is discovered during the flood when Noah sent out a dove from the
ark, and it returned with an olive leaf. This makes the olive tree almost as old, if not as old, as the
tree of life. In fact, the dove came back on the eighth day, signifying new birth, new life, and new
creation. In this sense, it makes the tree of life and the olive tree very similar—metaphorically,
they both speak of life. For an interesting history of the olive tree, I refer you to a study I did of
the olive tree.
See Olive Tree in Scripture http://www.kingdomandglory.com/art/art34.pdf
From this study, I believe Paul took his metaphor from Nehemiah.
When Nehemiah and a remnant of Judah returned to Jerusalem to rebuild the city and the temple
(534-515 BC), Ezra the scribe was asked to bring forth the book of the law of Moses which the
Lord had given Israel. On the first day of the seventh month, the law began to be read to the
people. On the second day, they found written in the words of the law that in the seventh month
they were to live in booths, celebrating the feast of booths or tabernacles (Nehemiah 8:1-2, 14)
as a sign of coming out of the wilderness and into the promised land. As a reminder, as Stephen
testified before the high priest, he referred to Israel as the ecclesia (church) in the wilderness
(Acts 7:38). This should cause some pause for those who teach replacement theology . Today, we
who believe are in a long line of those who had faith all the way back to Abraham. Of course, the
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sons of Israel often suffered from a lack of faith, but there were at least two men who had faith
to believe the Lord when He told them to go and take the land, namely Joshua and Caleb.
So, they proclaimed and circulated a proclamation in all their cities and in Jerusalem,
saying, "Go out to the hills, and bring olive branches and wild olive branches, myrtle
branches, palm branches and branches of other leafy trees, to make booths, as it is
written." (Nehemiah 8:15 NASB)
Olive branches weren't the only branches used to make the booths; however, the olive tree was
the only one identified with two types of branches, one was simply called olive branches and the
other wild olive branches .
It appears that the olive branches came from the domesticated or, as Paul calls them (Romans
11:17, 24), cultivated olive trees, and the wild olive branches came from trees that appear in the
wild, not in the cultivated orchards. The NASB uses the term wild olive branches but other
translations refer to them as branches from the oil trees , branches from beautiful wood , pine
branches , or branches of field olives .
The Greek word for a wild olive tree is agrielaios , which comes from the Greek word agrios ,
meaning "living in the fields," and agrios comes from the Greek word agros , meaning "a field."
Thus, the wild olive tree is one that exists in a field. This links Paul's wild olive tree to Nehemiah's
(8:15) branches from field olives or an olive tree in the field . It also ties in with Jesus' parable
about the treasure hidden in the field where the man (Jesus) bought the field (the whole world)
and hid His treasure in the world (Matthew 13:44).
15. British Christians in Rome
To add another dimension to the wild olive tree, let us consider who Paul was writing to in Rome.
It is a safe assumption that most people think Paul was writing to Romans, but this may not be
entirely accurate. Paul wrote to all that are in Rome, called to be saints (Romans 1:7), so his
intended readers were those in one specific city, not the entire country or empire, and who were
saved by grace through faith (i.e., Christians). In other words, Paul was not trying to reach the
lost in Rome, but was trying to teach, encourage, and exhort the believers in Rome. History
reveals that all the Jews and Christians had been expelled from Rome six years prior to Paul
writing this letter, so his audience had to be rather small. History also indicates that his audience
was most likely a royal family from the British Isles that had been converted by Joseph of
Arimathea (Jesus' great uncle) who took up residence in Cornwall, England shortly after the
crucifixion of Christ (~35-36 AD). This Christian family was subsequently captured and brought to
Rome, and this is who Paul wrote to and identified as wild olive branches.
However, there are two more pieces of evidence that give more specificity to the identity of these
British Christians. First, the words Britain and British come from Hebrew phrases that mean
"covenant land" and "covenant people," respectively, and the British language in those days was
a form of ancient Hebrew. This alone indicates that the British Isles were more than likely
populated in the past by Hebrews. Second, the Sonnini Manuscript, a very old copy of the book
of Acts, contains a 29 th chapter that is not included in our bibles. Some call it the lost chapter of
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Acts. Whether we accept this or not, it does seem to offer some valuable insight to Paul's Romans
epistle and fits nicely into the migration of the Israelites out of Assyria and into Europe.
For he had heard in Phoenicia that certain of the children of Israel, about the time of the
Assyrian captivity, had escaped by sea to "the isles afar off," as spoken by the prophets,
and called by the Romans, Britain. And the Lord commanded the gospel to be preached far
hence to the Gentiles [i.e., ethnos , nations], and to the lost sheep of the House of Israel.
Putting all this together, an argument could be made that Paul wrote his epistle to British
Christians from the genealogical lost sheep of the house of Israel, which he identified as wild olive
branches grafted back into the cultivated olive tree by their conversion. In other words, the lost
sheep of the house of Israel had become branches of a wild olive tree when it broke the covenant
with the Lord and were scattered among the nations. They were broken off (pruned) from the
green olive tree (Jeremiah 11:16) or the cultivated olive tree and its rich root of the Abrahamic
covenant. They were cast into the field (i.e., world) and their national identity as Israel taken from
Whether one agrees with this or not, it is clear that the field olives most accurately and
prophetically describe the wild olives that began to be grafted into the Lord's cultivated olive
tree, especially beginning with Jesus' inaugural arrival, nearly 600 years after Nehemiah.
I am coming back to all this line of thought, but first we need to look at one more issue that Paul
According to Paul's gospel, believers, regardless of their natural roots, are grafted into the rich
root of the olive tree as branches. Those in Paul's day who believed, such as Paul, had no need to
be grafted in; they were already rooted in the tree. Although, I would argue that they too had to
be grafted back in. Why? This tree was far greater than any of the forefathers recognized,
although the prophets said it would happen—it was open to all, and the eyes of the natural
branches had to be opened to this reality. I wonder if the cross severed all the olive tree's
branches from its root so that the tree had a fresh start, so to speak. Don't make a doctrine out
of this. Just a thought! We are only dealing with a metaphor here, and metaphors can only go so
Those from among the nations are the wild olive branches. Those who were/are the natural
descendants are the cultivated branches. In Paul's day, the so-called gentiles who believed were
grafted in; Paul's fellow brethren who started out in unbelief and then believed were grafted
back in as cultivated branches. But what about the many descendants down through the last two
millennia that were given the faith to believe, are they cultivated branches or wild branches? I
submit that once the good news went forth to the nations, metaphorically speaking, most of the
graftage involved wild olive branches, along with some Jews. The sons of Israel that had gone
into dispersion were no longer identified as carrying the name Israel and, after many centuries,
even before the cross, their generational memory no longer accounted for their heritage back to
Israel. It was like a witness protection program. They were given new identities and new locations
in the world. They had become part of the gentiles as wild olive branches. Again, they were
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gentilized! After a while their descendants no longer knew their roots. This is particularly acute
in our day! However, it was out from these gentilized ones that many believers were birthed.
However, I want to stress that I am reading this into Paul's letter. He doesn’t explain himself to
the detail that I am proposing. Paul was dealing with the immediate issue of his day, not so much
2,000 years down the road; although, he does inject until the fullness of the nations comes in
obviously, a future event. Yet, it seems that Paul's entire concern was his brethren in that day,
and these were mostly the Jews in the Roman empire. He has left us some large blanks to fill in,
which is not unusual.
16. Breaking Branches Off
Paul then introduces something that makes one wonder if he was making a doctrine about losing
one's salvation.
I know what you'll say next: "Branches were broken off so that I could be grafted in." That's
all very well. They were broken off because of unbelief—but you stand firm by faith. Don't
get big ideas about it; instead, be afraid. After all, if God didn't spare the natural branches,
there is a strong possibility he won't spare you. Note carefully, then, that God is both kind
and severe. He is severe to those who have fallen, but he is kind to you, provided you
continue in his kindness—otherwise you too will be cut off. And they, too, if they do not
remain in unbelief, will be grafted back in. God is able, you see, to graft them back in. For
if you were cut out of what is by nature, into a cultivated olive tree, and grafted, contrary
to nature, into a cultivated olive tree, how much more will they, the natural branches, be
grafted back into their own olive tree. (Romans 11:19-24 Kingdom NT)
What is Paul doing here? Is he introducing a doctrine that says believers can lose their salvation?
Is he saying that ones who are cut off as branches are lost again? Do you mean they don't go to
heaven, they go to hell when they die (bad doctrine, by the way)? How can he do this to us; after
all, we are told that we are safe and secure and there is no chance of us falling away? I purposely
state these questions this way for a reason. I believe it is safe to state that many who read
scripture read their doctrine into it, or they think everything has to be put into some systematized
doctrine or school of thought. We all do this to some degree!
I am not convinced that Paul was introducing a doctrine, new or otherwise. This is not the
purpose of this section of Romans. What he is doing is what he does best—warning believers not
to go back to a previous state. Practically all his letters have a two-pronged approach—Paul
presents the glory of the good news and then encourages his readers to press on in this good
news and not turn back to the old ways. Put off, put on! When you go back to the old, you are
robbing yourself of all the benefits there are in Christ Jesus—the kindness of God. Is it possible
for people to return to a state of unbelief? This is not the first place that Paul uses a conditional
if clause.
And although you were formerly alienated and hostile in mind, engaged in evil deeds, yet
He has now reconciled you in His fleshly body through death, in order to present you before
Him holy and blameless and beyond reproach—if indeed you continue in the faith firmly
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established and steadfast, and not moved away from the hope of the gospel that you have
heard, which was proclaimed in all creation under heaven, and of which I, Paul, was made
a minister. (Colossians 1:21-23 NASB)
Again, Paul does not introduce a doctrine about losing salvation by reverting to unbelief. Fact of
the matter is that he says nothing about what happens if one doesn't continue in the faith,
except, perhaps, one won't be presented holy and blameless and beyond reproach. But he leaves
it here without further elaboration, and so will I.
Staying on point, following Paul's line of logic that Israelites were cut off from the olive tree due
to unbelief, it might seem that we have to conclude that salvation is in jeopardy for branches that
are cut off. They were broken off for their unbelief … for if God did not spare the natural branches,
He will not spare you, either … if you continue in His kindness; otherwise you also will be cut off …
if they (natural Israelites) do not continue in their unbelief, will be grafted back in, for God is able
to graft them in again .
Except there is one glaring issue in Paul's logic. What is puzzling is that Paul never says that the
nations are cut off due to unbelief; what he does say is that they are cut off for not continuing in
the kindness of God. It is always unbelief for the natural branches, but it is not continuing in
kindness for the wild branches. What are we to make of this? Returning to unbelief and not
continuing in God's kindness seem to be two different concepts.
Perhaps, we are asking the wrong question. It seems to me that either bad or unnecessary
doctrine comes out of asking the wrong question. For example, we ask: Can I lose my salvation?
When we should be asking: How do I press on toward the goal? How do I gain more of Christ?
How do I put off the old and put on the new? But I find after a while even these questions give
way to a heart cry—Lord, I long to know you more. I long for greater union with you. I long to be
filled with your love, your peace, your joy. I long that in every situation the world sees your life
in me.
Why do we even ask about losing salvation in the first place? Why is this so important? Why do
we need a doctrine about it? It is the wrong question because in its own right it is questioning
the keeping power of the victory of Christ. When such a question is asked, it is as if one is asking
how to get away with living in the world while claiming Christ at the same time.
Are we to conclude that Paul does not clearly address what happens to the wild olive branches
that are cut off, at least, in terms of salvation? I say, let us not be so hasty to reach this conclusion.
I see a much better and glorious answer to the question in Paul's concluding remarks of Romans
11. It is discovered in the inclusive word ALL ! Be patient!
At any rate, let us not concern ourselves over being pruned out or cut off as a useless branch that
bears no fruit. Instead, let us press on toward the goal for the prize of the upward call of God in
Christ Jesus (Philippians 3:14). Let us not look back, but let us look off unto Jesus and continually
and progressively enter ever deeper into His kingdom, which is life and love and peace and
righteousness, and the list goes on.
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17. A Mystery
Paul tells us that there is a mystery—this is what he has been driving toward all along. The wild
olive branches need to know this mystery so that they will not get ahead of the Lord, so to speak,
and think more highly of themselves than they ought. In his other epistles, Paul often warns about
exalting oneself above others. This mystery involves the Israel of God. Consequently, we must
know what Paul means when he writes of Israel. We cannot avoid it, and we must not distort it!
This mystery is three-fold—part of Israel has been hardened, much like Pharaoh was hardened;
the fullness of the nations has to come in; and Israel has to be saved. So, let us take up each part.
Several translations of the same verses are presented to hone in on what Paul is saying.
For I do not want you to be ignorant of this mystery, brothers, so that you may not be wise
within yourselves, that hardness in part has happened to Israel until the fullness of the
nations comes in; and so all Israel will be saved, even as it has been written, "The Deliverer
will come out of Zion, and He will turn away ungodliness from Jacob. And this is My
covenant with them, when I take away their sins." Isa. 59:20, 21 (Romans 11:25-27 LITV)
My dear brothers and sisters, you mustn't get the wrong idea and think too much of
yourselves. That is why I don't want you to remain in ignorance of this mystery: a hardening
has come for a time upon Israel, until the fullness of the nations comes in. That is how "all
Israel shall be saved," as the Bible says: The Deliverer will come from Zion, and will turn
away ungodliness from Jacob. And this will be my covenant with them, whenever I take
away their sins. (Romans 11:25-27 Kingdom NT)
In this way all of Israel will be saved, as the Scriptures say, "From Zion someone will come
to rescue us. Then Jacob's descendants will stop being evil." (Romans 11:26 CEV)
17. A. Hardening in Part
Part A—What part of Israel had been hardened to the gospel? Surely, it could not have been
those of the ten tribes that had been scattered among the nations that had not yet received the
gospel. Besides, James and Peter actually wrote letters to the twelve tribes in dispersion that
were in areas of Asia. They were addressed as brethren of the faith. Scripture gives us no
indication that there was a widespread rejection (or, acceptance) of the Messiah throughout the
dispersed tribes. The answer is that Paul is addressing one component of Israel—the Jewish
component that continually hounded him at every step of his ministry. Consider how Paul
describes this lot.
For you, brethren, became imitators of the churches of God in Christ Jesus that are in Judea,
for you also endured the same sufferings at the hands of your own countrymen, even as
they did from the Jews, who both killed the Lord Jesus and the prophets, and drove us out.
They are not pleasing to God, but hostile to all men, hindering us from speaking to the
Gentiles so that they may be saved; with the result that they always fill up the measure of
their sins. But wrath has come upon them to the utmost. (1 Thessalonians 2:14-16 NASB)
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These are the ones that Paul saw as part of Israel that was hardened— the Jews, who both killed
the Lord Jesus, and drove us out . Given this, I believe we must conclude that Paul saw a part of
the Jews continuing to be hardened to the gospel that extended beyond his day to the present.
Do we not see Jews today that continue in the path of their forefathers as they reject, some
vehemently, Jesus as Israel's Messiah? Recently, I watched a video in which a Jew was venomous
toward Jesus to the point that he kept yelling he would never ever believe in Jesus. This is the
part, the Jewish part, of Israel that is still hardened.
I do not see the rest of Israel, that is, the rest of the descendants of Israel—that do not know
their roots—as part of this hardening. It can only apply to those today who call themselves Jews ,
for they alone claim Israelite roots ( aka Jewish roots).
17. B. Fullness of the Nations
Part B—What does Paul mean by the fullness of the nations coming in? Many translations use
the word gentiles instead of nations . By now, you should know that I do not agree with such an
approach; it is too restrictive and biased in its meaning, which leads to leaving out the Israelite
descendants that have been gentilized and don't know their roots.
Paul knew Hebrew scripture, probably better than most in his day and definitely more than all of
us in our generation. The problem we face is that he didn't explain enough of what he knew.
When he used the expression the fullness of the nations , he was drawing upon Jacob-Israel's
blessing on Joseph's two sons, and this blessing was and is about sonship. Jacob-Israel adopted
Joseph's two sons, and Paul picked up this theme in his epistles as he tells us we received the
spirit of adoption as sons that will lead to the adoption, the redemption of our body, through
resurrection and transfiguration (see Romans 8:15, 23; Galatians 4:5; Ephesians 1:5). God is after
many sons, and to this end, Jesus is bringing many sons unto glory (Hebrews 2:10).
The Angel that redeemed me from every evil, may He bless the youths [ Ephraim and
Manasseh; Joseph's sons ]; and may my name [ Israel ] be called on them , and the name of
my fathers Abraham and Isaac, and may they like the fishes increase into a multitude in the
midst of the earth. (Genesis 48:16 LITV [added for clarity])
And his father refused and said, I know, my son, I know. He [ Manasseh ] also shall be a
people, and he shall become great. But his younger brother [ Ephraim ] shall become greater
than he, and his seed shall become the fullness of the nations . (Genesis 48:19 LITV [ added
for clarity; Joseph's sons ])
Most translations use the word multitude in the place of fullness , but not all of them do. The
Hebrew word means "fullness." Both sons received the blessing of carrying the name Israel , as
well as the name of their grandfathers. However, Ephraim received the greater blessing, for from
his seed would come the fullness of the nations , meaning nations would be associated with the
name Israel . I see this as the Israel that Paul has in view in Romans. The fullness is comprised of
physical Israelites that are not part of the hardening; they are gentilized wild olive branches,
along with many other non-descendants of Israel from the nations on earth that have been
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grafted in as well. Even in the days of the prophets, foreigners and strangers, were welcome into
the house of Israel. This is God's plan!
Isaiah stated this glorious good news very clearly.
"Also the foreigners [from other nations] who join themselves to the LORD [salvation], to
minister to Him, and to love the name of the LORD, to be His servants, everyone who keeps
from profaning the sabbath and holds fast My covenant [new covenant]; even those I will
bring to My holy mountain [kingdom] and make them joyful in My house of prayer. Their
burnt offerings and their sacrifices will be acceptable on My altar; for My house will be
called a house of prayer for all the peoples." The Lord GOD, who gathers the dispersed of
Israel, declares, "Yet others [from other nations] I will gather to them, to those already
gathered." (Isaiah 56:6-8 NASB [added for emphasis])
But this glorious news goes back further to Solomon as he dedicated the temple.
"Also concerning the foreigner who is not of Your people Israel, when he comes from a far
country for Your name's sake (for they will hear of Your great name and Your mighty hand,
and of Your outstretched arm); when he comes and prays toward this house, hear in
heaven Your dwelling place, and do according to all for which the foreigner calls to You, in
order that all the peoples of the earth may know Your name, to fear You, as do Your people
Israel, and that they may know that this house which I have built is called by Your name. (1
Kings 8:41-43 NASB)
Notice the inclusiveness in both sets of verses. It is not merely about Israel; it is about ALL
peoples. Israel was and is meant to be a blessing to ALL the nations of the earth.
But it all goes back even further, starting with the promise to Abraham.
The LORD said, "Shall I hide from Abraham what I am about to do, since Abraham will surely
become a great and mighty nation, and in him all the nations of the earth will be blessed?
(Genesis 18:17-18 NASB)
Solomon, Ezekiel, and others simply repeated or reaffirmed the truth that God has always
intended to bless ALL the nations and ALL the families of the earth, and His plan calls for doing
this through His peculiar treasure, now known as the Israel of God , that, in a sense, continues to
be hidden in the world (field). The world continues to look at the little nation in the Middle East
as the true Israel, but the true Israel is actually the Christian ecclesia that Christ is building. Most
Christians do not seem to know this truth themselves, especially among the dispensationalists
that prop up the Jewish state.
Pulling all this together, the only ones that could be grafted in as cultivated olive branches (not
wild ones) are those who are of Jewish descent and claim to be so. Keep in mind that God has
not completely hardened all Jews throughout history, for a remnant of Jews has been grafted in
from Calvary to the present. There are many testimonies of Jews converting to Israel's Messiah,
having faith in Yeshua. Some even claim that Messiah has appeared to them.
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This is how it has been for most of the two millennia since Paul's day. Consequently, until the
fullness of the nations comes in means that God has a definite goal in mind that, when reached,
things change once again, and this change comes about with the consummational arrival of Jesus,
the Messiah of Israel, the Deliverer, and the Savior of the world, and I must add, the love of our
life—not only ours but of the whole world and of all humanity.
17. C. All Israel Saved—A New Mold
Before explaining my view of this part, a word about how some others see it. There is a specific
school of thought that sees the fullness of the nations and all Israel saved as two separate
processes and events—the so-called gentiles (non-Jews) must first be grafted in, implying God
has a number which He is driving toward, then after all the gentiles are brought into the kingdom,
God turns to the physical nation of Israel on earth at the time and grafts them back into the olive
tree and establishes them as the head of the nations on earth for one-thousand years. Of course,
there are various permutations and extensions of this thinking, so this is just the broad stroke of
this school. I offer a different view as follows.
Part C— That is how all Israel will be saved! This particular translation captures the heart of the
matter. It could also be worded as— in such a manner ; by such a process ; thus, by this means ; and
in the way described . These are simply different ways of saying that Israel will be saved by the
ingrafting process that Paul is describing, and that the fullness of the nations is the ingrafted
Israel of God. The fullness of the nations and the salvation of Israel are one and the same process
and result. When the process of drawing all unbelievers, regardless of background, out of the
world and into Jesus the Messiah of Israel, then the full complement of Christ will have arrived,
and all the called-out ones will openly manifest the kingdom of God to the nations of the world.
This is how Israel is saved. It is the way that unbelievers down through the centuries have come
into Christ and have become known as Christians , Christ- abiders ! This is the true Israel of God.
For those who say that this cannot be so, for we have nothing to do with Israel—it is apparent
that Jesus and His apostles saw it differently. Argue with them!
Jesus spoke of a time when there would be an expansion of God's people coming from east and
west (Matthew 8:11). Further, He likened the constraints of Judaism and the old covenant to old
wineskin that could not contain His message of the inclusiveness of His kingdom without the skin
bursting (Matthew 9:17). The remedy was to bring forth a new wineskin that not only could but
does hold His message (new wine) as explained by the new covenant and embodied in the new
covenant ecclesia, which is God's Israel—a theme picked up by Paul.
As for me, God forbid that I should boast—except in the cross of our Lord Jesus the Messiah,
through whom the world has been crucified to me and I to the world. Circumcision, you
see, is nothing; neither is circumcision! What matters is new creation . Peace and mercy on
everyone who lines up by that standard—yes, on God's Israel . (Galatians 6:14-16 Kingdom
NT [bold italic added])
Some claim that Paul has two separate groups in mind—the church and Israel. How could this be
since Paul was continually battling the Jewish component of Israel in his day that rejected Christ
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or wanted to integrate Him into Judaism? Why would he tack Israel onto a verse that is about a
new creation that Paul clearly states is based on all the barriers of distinction being broken down?
It is contrary to his entire argument made to the Galatians. The Jews of Israel were not lining up
with this standard; they were fighting against it. Consequently, the only rightful conclusion to the
matter is that God's Israel is a new creation, something he also reiterated to the Corinthians.
So that we, from now on, are acquainted with no one according to flesh. Yet even if we
have known Christ according to flesh, nevertheless now we know Him so no longer." So
that, if anyone is in Christ, there is a new creation : the primitive passed by. Lo! there has
come new!" (2 Corinthians 5:16-17 CLV [bold italic added)
Paul clears the flesh right off the table and into the trash can to be burned up. The only thing that
matters is being in Christ, and those in Christ are a new creation, and this new creation is God's
Israel! I see no way around this conclusion unless one wants to read into Paul's words a foreign
To round out this view, consider this—the apostles took old testament themes regarding ancient
Israel and applied them to the ecclesia that Jesus is building. In other words, they, especially Paul,
identified early Christianity using terms associated historically with ancient Israel and the
privileges afforded them. Another way to state this is that they picked up themes that carried
forward from the old to the new Israel of God. Examples include— the seed of Abraham (Romans
4:13-17; Galatians 3:6-9, 29); the circumcision (Romans 2:28-29; Philippians 3:3; Colossians 2:11);
the baptism (1 Corinthians 10:2; Ephesians 4:5; Colossians 2:12); the temple of God (1 Corinthians
3:16; 6:19; 2 Corinthians 6:16; Ephesians 2:21-22; Revelation 21-22); living stones being built into
a spiritual house (Ephesians 2:21-22; 1 Peter 2:5); a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, a holy
nation (1 Peter 2:9-10); a people for God's own possession (Ephesians 1:14; Titus 2:14; 1 Peter
2:10). Further, both Jesus and Paul gave strong words for ones calling themselves Jews
(outwardly) but do not believe in Israel's Messiah (inwardly) (Romans 2:28; Revelation 2:9; 3:9).
And, let us not forget New Jerusalem, for the present Jerusalem has been cast out (Galatians
4:21-31; Revelation 21-22). Thus, old covenant language associated with historical Israel was
highlighted and spiritually associated with a remolded ( all things new ) Israel, during the
embryonic stage of Christianity. Jeremiah prophesied of this.
An All Things New Vessel
Earlier, I said we would return to Jeremiah, and so we must.
Rise, and you have gone down [to] the potter's house, and there I cause you to hear My
words;" and I go down [to] the potter's house, and lo, he is doing a work on the stones, and
marred is the vessel that he is making, as clay in the hand of the potter, and he has turned
and he makes it another vessel , as it was right in the eyes of the potter to make." And there
is a word of Yahweh to me, saying:" As this potter am I not able to do to you? O house of
Israel, an affirmation of Yahweh. Lo, as clay in the hand of the potter, So [are] you in My
hand, O house of Israel." (Jeremiah 18:2-6 CLV [bold italic added])
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Yahweh of the old, which is Yeshua-Jesus of the new, told the house of Israel that He would be
like a potter to them. He would take them into His hand, as if they were clay and mold them into
another vessel, different in character or nature from the one they were at first. They were
marred; they needed a new look, so to speak. In other words, He would make a new house of
Israel, a remodeled one, and He did just that with His first arrival and departure through the
cross, grave, and resurrection. Then, forty or so years later, He put the final nail in the coffin of
the old Israel and God's Israel, the new remolded Israel God always intended to have was set free
from Judaism to rise into what we call Christianity . Israel is now solidly based in Yeshua, not
according to flesh, but according to faith! And, this constitutes the multitude of nations promised
to Abraham, the father of nations; those who follow in the steps of his faith (Romans 4:12)!
18. The Deliverer Rescues
Paul reinforces the idea that scripture foresaw this as he quotes from Isaiah 59:20-21.
And in this way all Israel will be saved, as it is written, "The Deliverer will come from Zion,
he will banish ungodliness from Jacob"; "and this will be my covenant with them when I
take away their sins." (Romans 11:26-27 ESV)
Jesus is the Deliverer! He came as such in His first arrival, which was inaugural, and He delivered
a remnant of Israelites, predominantly Jews. And, He is coming a second time, which will be
consummational, to deliver the rest. Paul is speaking of the Jews that have been hardened. Based
on the prophet, a day is coming when even the part of Israel (the Jews) that had been hardened
will be delivered by Jesus the Messiah. This is the hope of Israel.
Given this, I believe this is the reason there is an Israel, even though misnamed, in the Middle
East today. There has to be a recognized Jewish people (not so much Israelite) in the world when
Jesus returns in His second manifestation—not to become the head of the nations with Judaism
in full bloom and Christ in its midst, but to be engrafted back into the cultivated olive tree that
they have been broken off of for nearly 2,000 years to the present. They have been living a lie,
and it will be time for the spirit of the Lord to reveal the truth that they have not been able to
see due to blindness (another common theme from the prophets and repeated by Jesus and
Paul). In that day, they will be set free into the freedom of the Anointed One, the one their
forefathers, the Jews, demanded to be crucified! In that day, they will join the true Israel of God
made up of ethnic and non-ethnic Israelites—all on equal footing; all from one root, one
foundation—Messiah Yeshua-Jesus.
19. Gifts and Calling Not Subject to Recall
From the standpoint of the gospel they are enemies for your sake, but from the standpoint
of God's choice they are beloved for the sake of the fathers (Romans 11:28 NASB)
For God's gracious gifts and calling (invitation) [are] unregretted (not to be regretted
afterward; are not subject to recall; are never taken back). (Romans 11:29 JM-NT)
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Paul knew all too well that the Jews in his day were enemies of those who came into the truth.
To the Philippians, he called them enemies of the cross (Philippians 3:18). Today, the unbelieving
Jews in the world are these same enemies. The good news for them, however, is that once God
promises something, in this case gifts and calling, He does not take any of it back. He fully intends
to see it through.
Interestingly, Caiaphas, the high priest in the year of Jesus' crucifixion, gave a prophecy: He did
not say this of his own accord, but being high priest that year he prophesied that Jesus would die
for the nation, and not for the nation only, but also to gather into one the children of God who
are scattered abroad (John 11:49-52). Adding to this, as Paul wrote: If the dough offered as
firstfruits is holy, so is the whole lump, and if the root is holy, so are the branches (Romans 11:16).
And: But in fact, Christ has been raised from the dead, the firstfruits of those who have fallen
asleep (1 Corinthians 15:20).
Pulling all this together makes for the case that the gifts and calling are not subject to recall. Jesus
died for Israel as a nation, as well as for all the world. Israel's root is found in the rich root of the
olive tree—its holiness is to engulf all of the branches. Why? Because Jesus is the firstfruits of a
tremendous crop to follow.
Paul reminds us that by God's choice the Jews are beloved for the sake of the fathers or
patriarchs. He is harkening back to the promise to Ephraim-Israel that his seed would be a fullness
of nations, which is simply a restatement of the promise to Abraham to be the father of a
multitude of nations. As Paul stressed earlier, God has not forgotten the Jews, they are part of
God's plan. They have been hardened for a reason—to allow for the fullness of the nations
promised to the patriarchs. But the day must and will come for them to be "unhardened" so that
they too can and will come into this calling. This is all by God's grace. When this happens, they
enter into the fullness promised to the patriarchs. But let us not forget that God has not forgotten
the lost sheep of the house of Israel. Literally, God has forgotten no one!
But if their slipping away is the riches of the world, and their default the riches of the
nations, how much more their fullness? (Romans 11:12 LITV)
This will be to the glory of God and will be the gracious manifestation of His justice.
If God's gift and calling are irrecoverable, meaning God does not take back what He gives, then
how does He fulfill this and be true to Himself? What are the gifts and calling? I believe they go
back to Abraham and the promises the Lord made to him to bless all the families of the earth and
to have a multitude of nations. The same calling was placed upon Ephraim-Israel to have a
multitude or fullness of nations, and this leads us right back to Paul and all Israel will be saved.
Saved how? Through the promises to Abraham that cannot and will not be taken back. They were
unconditional then, and they are unconditional now.
This might best fit someplace else in this article, but this begs for a question that never seems to
be answered in light of Paul's message. What happened or happens to the descendants of Israel
(all twelve tribes) that have died without faith throughout history? Do the promises to Abraham
and Ephraim-Israel work for them as well?
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The traditional answer that most Christians would undoubtedly offer, for they have been taught
nothing else, is the heaven-hell doctrine that most dispensationalists and evangelicals adhere
to—these descendants are roasting and toasting in a fiery place called hell . Then, what Israel is
saved? Are only those who are alive when the Lord comes saved and the rest have already been
cast into hell? If so, then it appears we are back to the remnant scenario, not some scenario
where all Israel is saved. And, don't tell me that all is not truly all ; or it only applies to some
smaller subset of a whole, such as all the remnant. I have heard these arguments before in other
doctrines that refuse to accept that the Lord might actually mean all when He says all .
How does God balance the books, so to speak, in a just way that answers to the irrevocable gifts
and calling? Based on my studies, no one seems to even attempt to reconcile any of this,
especially among the dualists or dispensationalists. You either go to heaven or to hell, or if you
are a physical Jew living at the end of the age, you are given faith so you can live on the land and
perform memorial animal sacrifices in the presence of the one and only final Sacrifice, Jesus.
What of the rest that died without faith or were never exposed to the good news, are they not
included in Abraham's covenant? Has the Lord cast them all out? What happens to them—the
fiery torture forever and ever? I reject this as contrary to God is love.
I realize that the traditional answer is that it is all settled at the great white throne judgment.
However, according to most teaching on the second death, people who are cast into the lake of
fire are gone forever, either annihilated or are tortured forever. Given this, it looks to me like the
cross is an absolute failure, for Christ's death and resurrection could only save some of humanity,
including some of Israel, but not all, and this points back to the promises to Abraham only
selectively fulfilled, at best. What is the answer? Well, there are two ways to answer this.
20. God Locks Up All Together
For God locks up all together in stubbornness, that He should be merciful to all." (Romans
11:32 CLV)
Paul gives a similar word to the Galatians.
But the Scripture locked up all under sin, that the promise by faith of Jesus Christ might be
given to the ones believing. (Galatians 3:22 LITV)
As Paul drives forward, he comes to a climatic proclamation. God locks up all in stubbornness!
This all is an inclusive all. He doesn't leave anybody out. ALL of us are locked up. All of us gentiles,
all of us nations, all of us Jews, and all of us Israelites (whether we know our roots or not). So,
don't be too proud of yourself if you believe. In God's eyes, we all start from the same point,
stubbornness, in our sin. God imprisons all of us! Although this is a negative, we must see it in
the positive, for this is what Paul really wants to tell us as he concludes this portion of his Roman's
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21. Salvation of All
The conclusion is that in God's purpose, we all come to the same glorious endpoint, which is not
really an end—it is a new beginning. I don't believe God's new creation ever stops being new; it
is new beginnings after new beginnings. I leave this for your imagination!
O, the depth of the riches and the wisdom and the knowledge of God! How inscrutable are
His judgments, and untraceable His ways!" For, who knew the mind of the Lord? or, who
became His adviser? or, who gives to Him first, and it will be repaid Him? seeing that out
of Him and through Him and for Him is all: to Him be the glory for the eons! Amen! (Romans
11:32-36 CLV)
For from Him and through Him and to Him are all things. To Him be the glory forever. Amen.
(Romans 11:36 NASB)
Because, forth from out of the midst of Him, and through the midst of Him (or: through
means of Him), and into the midst of Him, [is] the whole (everything; [are] all things)! By
Him (In Him; To Him; For Him) [is] the glory (the manifestation of that which calls forth
praise; the reputation; the notion; the opinion; the credit; the splendor) into the ages. It is
so (Amen; So be it)! (Romans 11:36 JM-NT)
Again, it seems that Paul is beside himself, only this time it is not in angst, but in wonderment
and amazement at the riches and wisdom and knowledge of God. There is no despair in Paul; it
is all gone. Who knew the mind of the Lord? Obviously, few in Paul's day knew it, and it is
debatable how many of us in our day truly know it.
What did he see that was so marvelous? Well, it is discovered in his closing proclamation: For
from Him and through Him and to Him are all things .
All things are from Him—nothing is left out, not the unbelieving Jews, the lost ten tribes of Israel,
nor the gentiles or nations. They all come from God.
All things are through Him—nothing is left out, not the unbelieving Jews, the lost ten tribes of
Israel, nor the gentiles or nations. Everything that is comes through God's Son who is all in all.
All things return to Him—nothing is left out, not the unbelieving Jews, the lost ten tribes of Israel,
nor the gentiles or nations. All things return to God is love as He is making all things new! When
all is said and done at the consummation of the ages, then God will have reached His ultimate
purpose of being all in all (1 Corinthians 15:28 [bold italic added]).
Paul had a similar word for the Corinthians.
For although there may be so-called gods in heaven or on earth—as indeed there are many
"gods" and many "lords"—yet for us there is one God, the Father, from whom are all things
and for whom we exist, and one Lord, Jesus Christ, through whom are all things and through
whom we exist. (1 Corinthians 8:5-6 ESV)
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This is one of the most comprehensive statements in scripture pertaining to the Father and the
Son and all things.
God's plan has been and continues to be to reach ALL the nations on earth, reconciling ALL things
to Himself and, ultimately, bringing ALL mankind into His house, until ALL Israel is saved. This is
the plan!
It starts with Abraham called to be a blessing to ALL families on earth. Today, ALL who belong to
Christ are Abraham's spiritual descendants; or, put another way, those who are of faith are
blessed with Abraham, the believer (Galatians 3:9, 29). Ultimately, ALL humanity will come into
this blessing as well, through the same Door.
Then, the Lord called Israel to be a priestly nation to ALL nations, and He had Solomon build a
temple as the house of prayer for ALL people. Then, the Lord cast off Israel and hid them in the
world, so that, ultimately, they would be reunited in His kingdom along with ALL nations of the
This is the glorious plan of God; it is the glorious gospel of God. Since Calvary, God has been
progressively implementing His plan, starting with the Jews and moving to the nations from all
tribes, tongues, and peoples, including the lost tribes of Israel that long ago lost their generational
memory and became part of the nations, and concluding by opening the eyes of the Jews in the
world. Thus, in this way, the way of grafting, all Israel will be saved.
Graftage is all about being grafted into God's Son, who is the true vine (another metaphor; John
15). It matters not what one's roots are; what matters is being in Christ and Christ being in us.
Yeshua is the only root that matters. This is the ultimate destiny for all, for this is God's plan for
humanity, for without it, God the Father cannot be all in all.
Why is all Israel saved? Because all humanity will be saved, not all at the same time, and possibly
not all in the same manner, but all through God's Son and, we must not overlook as some do,
through judgment. God is love knows how to render perfect justice to all. Only through love is
His justice attained for all humanity.
God … Who wills that all mankind be saved and come into a realization of the truth. For
there is one God, and one Mediator of God and mankind, a Man, Christ Jesus, Who is giving
Himself a correspondent Ransom for all (the testimony in its own eras) …. (1 Timothy 2:4-
6 CLV)
We are not told this anywhere in scripture, as far as I can tell, but I believe all humanity is destined
to eventually become Israel, even if many have to go through the lake of fire, to remove all
vestiges of self-centered flesh, until God's consuming fire has fully salted them and set them free
to be sons of God centered in the Anointed Son. This is the glory and absolute success of the
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Dear brethren, the good news of Jesus , the Messiah of Israel, is
Universal (all in heaven and on earth)
International (all nations)
Interracial (all races, ethnics).
The fullness of the nations is not bound by a
Race (all are included)
Land (the whole earth is included, for it is the Lord's)
Temple made of bricks and mortar planted in the ground someplace (all of the
Lord's people are bound up in Jesus the true Temple of God; thus, they too are part
of the temple)
Ritualistic worship (we worship in spirit and truth)
Religion (all are bound up in God's Son in relationship—in union).
There are no barriers or distinctions in the kingdom of God. The way is wide open through the
Let us glory in the magnificence of God's purpose and plan to be all and to have all in the Kingdom
of the Son of His love!
O, the depth of the riches and the wisdom and the knowledge of God! How inscrutable are His
judgments, and untraceable His ways!" For, who knew the mind of the Lord? or, who became His
All Israel will be saved!