Brethren, I do not regard myself as having laid hold of it yet;
but one thing I do: forgetting what lies behind and reaching forward to what lies ahead,
I press on toward the goal for the prize of the upward call of God
(Philippians 3:13-14 NASB)
What Happened to Enoch?
January 8, 2011
The last issue addressed the question of where Elijah was taken when he went up by a whirlwind. The
answer rests mostly on the fact that no one is immortal and no one has ascended to heaven except
Jesus, the Son of Man. In other words, only one Man is in heaven today, who happens to be our High
Priest according to the order of Melchizedek and who has entered heaven itself to appear in the
resence of God for us (Hebrews 9:24). This should give us great comfort.
However, given that scripture cannot contradict itself, we must conclude that, just like Elijah, Enoch was
not taken up to heaven either. He remained on earth. This leads to the obvious question: What
appened to Enoch?
Of all the men in the Bible, only Enoch and Noah are described as ones who “walked with God”
Genesis 5.24; 6.9). However, Enoch’s life is recorded unlike any other in Scripture.
So all the days of Enoch were three hundred and sixty-five years. Enoch walked with God; and
e was not, for God took him. (Genesis 5.23-24 NASB)
All we are told in the book of beginnings is that Enoch was not. God took him, but we are not told
where. It is as if he walked before God for 365 years and then his history stopped. He was not! What
does this mean? Where was he taken? Everyone assumes it was to heaven, but Scripture does not
state this as a fact; we have to assume so to make the statement. However, our saying so does not
ake it a fact. The next place we read of Enoch is in the Hebrews epistle.
By faith Enoch was transferred [metatithemi] , so as not to be acquainted with death, and was not
found, because God transfers him. For before his transference he is attested to have pleased
od well. (Hebrews 11.5 CV)
The Concordant Version reads differently than most translations, but perhaps it gives us a clearer
picture of what happened to Enoch. The Greek root word metatithemi is translated as transferred ;
implying Enoch was simply transferred from one place to another. The same word is used in reference
to bones being transferred to Shechem (Acts 7.16) and one's thinking being transferred to a different
evangel or deserting the true gospel for a false gospel (Galatians 1.6). These examples hardly give the
pression of one being taken up, especially the reference to transferring dead bones.
A ctually, the writer of the Hebrews epistle, in an indirect way, does claim that Enoch died in faith.
All these died in faith, without receiving the promises, but having seen them and having
welcomed them from a distance, and having confessed that they were strangers and exiles on
he earth. (Hebrews 11:13 NASB)
The phrase “ all these ” must refer to all the names that preceded this verse, from Abel to Sarah, which
obviously includes Enoch. In other words, Enoch is included in the “all these died in faith .”
Now, Enoch is the other biblical figure that many are taught never died, for he was taken up to heaven.
n other words, according to traditional teaching, Enoch is alive and well before the throne of God.
The second thing to note about this verse is that Enoch was not acquainted with death. Genesis simply
states Enoch was not, but Hebrews states Enoch was transferred so as not to be acquainted with
death. The word acquainted means "to perceive." In other words, Enoch did not perceive death. Other
translations state that Enoch was translated so that he would not see death. Why did the writer state it
his way? Why didn’t he just state clearly that Enoch did not die?
First, perhaps there were wicked men who sought Enoch’s life, and God transferred him beyond their
reach and beyond his immediate family. After all, Enoch preached judgment to his generation, which
would have made him a very unpopular preacher in a day in which the earth was filled with violence
nd all flesh had corrupted their way upon the earth (Genesis 6:11-13).
(14) And "the seventh from Adam," Enoch, also prophesied to these men, saying, Behold, "the
Lord came with" myriads "of His saints," (15) "to do judgment against all, and to rebuke all" the
ungodly of them concerning all their ungodly works which they ungodly did, "and concerning
all the hard things ungodly sinners spoke against Him." I Enoch 1:9; 5:4; 60:8 (Jude 1:14-15
All his family knew was that this righteous man was being sought by evil men, and all of a sudden he
was not there. There was no body and no sign of Enoch. So his days were numbered at that point. Like
Elijah (2 Kings 2:11) and Philip (Acts 8:39), Enoch could have been supernaturally transported
transferred) to another place on earth that kept him from evil men.
Second, some have speculated that Enoch was actually murdered by the evil men of his day, for he
only lived 365 days, which was a rather early death compared to the longevity of his relatives who lived
into their 800's. According to this view, it is speculated that God removed his body and buried it, just as
He later did with Moses (Deuteronomy 34:5-6). An offshoot of this view is that Enoch was not murdered
but that God simply caused him to fall asleep instantly without experiencing the death process, and
hen He buried his body. Enoch, like the millions that followed, waits for resurrection.
At any rate, we really do not know for sure what happened to Enoch, but it is safe to state that he is
dead and did not go to heaven. He died just as all born of Adam's race have died, for in Adam all die
(1 Corinthians 15:22). No human has ascended to heaven except Jesus, the Son of God and the Son
of Man (John 3:13), and no human has immortality except the blessed and only Sovereign, the King
f kings and Lord of lords (1 Timothy 6:15-16).
Now, there is one other question regarding both Elijah and Enoch: Are they types of raptured saints?
Many teach that they are, but they see them as types being raptured to heaven, never to return to
earth. I agree that they could be types of raptured saints but not as ones taken up to heaven to never
return to earth. I cannot fully develop this in the space that is left, so I refer you to article #17, January
009, Snatched Away [The Rapture] .
However, Elijah was taken up in the air and transported to another location. I believe the snatching
away to meet the Lord in air (1 Thessalonians 4:17) of those asleep in Jesus and those alive and who
remain when Jesus comes presents the same picture as Elijah and Philip being transported in air. On
the other hand, Enoch was pleasing to God and he was transferred. It could be said of those who will
be included in the first resurrection and transfiguration that they too will be pleasing to God, for they
more than conquered through Him who loves us, and they will reign with Christ in His kingdom,
ransferred from the domain of darkness to the kingdom of the Son of God's love (Colossians 1:13).
Finally, I have a thought about Enoch's 365 years. Perhaps it pushes the envelope a bit, but I will give it
a try anyway. We know that with God one day is like a thousand years, and a thousand years like
one day (2 Peter 3:8), and that no man has ever lived a full thousand years or one full day of God or
God's day . The most is attributed to Methuselah at 969 years. However, Enoch lived 365 years. Bear
with me for moment. According to scientists, since Adam, the earth has continually rotated around the
sun approximately every 365.25 days, thus giving us a 365-day calendar (except leap year). Applying
the day-year principle, could we not say that Man's day is 365 years, in contrast to God's day of 1,000
years. Enoch lived his life fully before God, or if you will, before the Son (Sun) of God. His life of 365
years rotated around the Son. This is what made him pleasing to God. This is what Man's day was
meant to be like. Could we conclude that Enoch being transferred by God at 365 years signifies a life
that fully rotates around (given to) the Son and that this is what Man's day is to be like while we live in
mortal bodies as we wait for immortality and entrance into God's day? I will leave it for you to decide.
The Upward Call: #05-1108 [516]
By: Stuart H. Pouliot
Based on this verse alone, we must conclude that Enoch died. But to where was he transferred? We
re not told, so we are left to speculate a bit. Here are a few options.