THE UPWARD CALL
Brethren, I do not regard myself as having laid hold of it yet;
but one thing I do: forgetting what lies behind and reaching forward to what lies ahead,
I press on toward the goal for the prize of the upward call of God
IN CHRIST JESUS.
(Philippians 3:13-14 NASB)
The 144,000 First Fruits to God #4
August 9, 2009
(1) Then I looked, and behold, the Lamb was standing on Mount Zion, and with Him one
hundred and forty-four thousand, having His name and the name of His Father written
on their foreheads. … (4) These are the ones who follow the Lamb wherever He goes.
These have been purchased from among men as first fruits to God and to the Lamb
[Lambkin]. (Revelation 14:1, 4 NASB [CV])
This is the eighth and last point of this series, and it deals with the meaning of first fruits to God and to
First, I must go back to what I wrote previously, that it is possible the 144,000 first fruits is not a literal
number. The fact that the number is a multiple of 12 and the number 12 signifies governmental
perfection could indicate that the number 144,000 is meant to signify a spiritual truth rather than an
exact or literal number. However, upon further reflection, I realize that a spiritual truth and a literal
number are not mutually exclusive. For example, if we are to accept that the 1,000-year reign of Christ
is signifying both a spiritual truth (six days and on the seventh; one day is like a 1,000 years) and a
literal number of years, then it only follows that we could view the 144,000 0r the 288,000 as a literal
number as well. Besides, in Revelation 7, John saw a “great multitude” standing before the throne after
he heard that the 144,000 were sealed, which indicates that the 144,000, at the very least, is a multitude
but not a “great” multitude.
Regardless of how one views this question, there is one undeniable fact: the 144,000 represents a
smaller complement of believers (perhaps, a multitude) that precedes a great multitude in reaching the
throne. The 144,000 represents a special class of believers called first fruits , which leads to the topic
of this issue.
First fruits refer to the first of a crop to be harvested. It is the first to come forth or to be harvested of its
kind. In the Old Testament, first fruits are first mentioned in Exodus in association with the feasts that
Israel was required to celebrate.
“Also you shall observe the Feast of the Harvest of the first fruits of your labors from
what you sow in the field; also the Feast of the Ingathering at the end of the year when
you gather in the fruit of your labors from the field.” (Exodus 23:16 NASB)
When it comes to the New Testament, we discover that first fruits refer to people. Instead of crops in a
field in the world, we see a new kind of crop in the field, which is the world; it is a crop of people. In the
parables of the mysteries of the kingdom of the heavens (Matthew 13), the Lord Jesus referred to the
field as the world and the good seed sown by the Son of Man on the good soil as the sons of the kingdom
that are harvested at the end of the age (Matthew 13:23, 37-43). Which age He referred to is an
interesting topic unto itself that, perhaps, I will take up in a subsequent issue. Nevertheless, the point is
that the Lord is after sons of the kingdom, and they are described as growing in a field.
Turning to Paul’s writings, we discover that Christ is the first fruit of His kind.
(20) But now hath Christ been raised from among the dead,— a first fruit of them who
have fallen asleep; (21) for since indeed through a man came death through a man also
cometh the raising of the dead; (22) for just as in Adam all die so also in the Christ shall
all be made alive. (1 Corinthians 15:20-22 REB)
Jesus is the first Man to be raised from among the dead in an immortal body. He alone possesses
immortality (1 Timothy 6:16). He is the Resurrection and the Life, and because of His resurrection, all
mankind one day, but not all on or in the same day, will be made alive in Him. So, Christ stands apart
from all mankind at this point in time. He is the first fruit of His kind (first fruits) that soon will be
harvested to the glory of God the Father. We need to keep in mind that 1 Corinthians 15 is a defense of
the resurrection, not only of Christ but of the first fruits to follow, until ultimately all mankind is
(23) But each in his own rank [ tagma ; troop] : (the) first-fruits, Christ [first fruits anointed] ;
then those that are the Christ’s at his coming. (24) Then the end, when he gives up the
kingdom to him who is God and Father; when he shall have annulled all rule and all
authority and power. (1 Corinthians 15:23-24 DNT [added by writer])
In the Greek, the word for rank is tagma , which refers to “something orderly in arrangement (a troop),
that is, (figuratively) a series or succession:- order.” In other words, for the purpose of harvesting,
mankind is divided into troops, and every person will be resurrected by troop. Simply, all will not be
made alive at the same time but each in his or her own order, class, or troop.
At first glance of verse 23, it might appear as if Paul repeats the fact that Christ is the first in the order,
but it seems that each in his own rank refers back to in the Christ shall all be made alive , which means
it refers to all mankind that die, not to Christ Himself. Paul already had established Christ’s unique
position, and he began to take up all mankind that will follow Christ in resurrection. As such, using the
term first fruits , Paul could have been referring to a new troop of people and not to Christ alone.
In the New Testament, the word christos , which means “anointed,” is translated as Christ or Messiah ,
referring to Jesus. However, is it possible that the ones to follow Christ in the order of resurrection
could be called the first fruits anointed troop (or, anointed first fruits)? After all, there will be a
group of believers that will be counted worthy to attain to the oncoming eon to reign with Christ; they
are sons of the resurrection (Luke 20:34-36) and the only ones to come alive (first resurrection) while
the rest remain dead, awaiting the second resurrection and the Great White Throne (Resurrection 20:4-
6; 11-15). Surely, they will be first fruits of the resurrection, and they will be anointed to reign with
As further support of this thought, in the same Corinthians letter, Paul refers to the body of Christ as
the Christ or, if you will, the Anointed (1 Corinthians 12:12). Thus, Paul’s use of the phrase first
fruits anointed identifies this troop with Christ in a very intimate way, and as such, they will be the first
to appear before Him and to be changed into His likeness. I do not believe that this troop includes all
the “church” but is limited to the conquerors as represented by the 144,000. They must be resurrected
first so that the rest may follow, which is a requirement of the law of first fruits.
First fruits are essential in the work of God. According to the law of first fruits, the first fruits must be
offered to God before the harvest can begin (Leviticus 23:14). In fact, because the anointed first fruits
are holy, the rest to follow will also be holy. The work of the first fruits is to make the way for the Lord
by preparing the rest to enter into His presence. Again, Paul explains the process.
For, if the first-fruits [are] holy, then the mass [is] also: and if the root is holy, then also
the branches. (Romans 11:16 MNT)
The first fruits must be manifested before the rest of the “church” and, ultimately, mankind are
harvested. This is revealed in Revelation 14 with the manifestation of the 144,000, followed by the
eonian gospel going forth throughout the earth until “the harvest of the earth is ripe” (Revelation 14:15),
and concluding with the actual harvest of the wheat and the grapes. Consequently, troops or classes of
people are raised in order, the first being first fruits, which is similar to a barley harvest, the first of the
grains to be harvested, followed by a more general harvest of the “church,” which is similar to a wheat
harvest, and concluding with the final harvest of all that is left (i.e., the nations), which is the grape
In conclusion, the ones standing with the Lambkin on Mount Zion are the holy ones, the ones found
worthy to reign with Christ and to lead the rest of the “church” and mankind into the kingdom of Christ,
until all are holy. Like all that will follow, they are purchased from among men by the blood of Christ.
They are the first fruits to God and to the Lambkin. They are not the last but simply the first of a
glorious harvest that will come until, ultimately, all mankind bows the knee to Christ.
The Upward Call: #03-09147
by: Stuart H. Pouliot