In all wisdom and prudence making known to us the mystery of His will according to His
good pleasure which He purposed in Him the plan for the fullness of the times
the things in the heavens and the things upon the earth, in Him ….
(Ephesians 1:8b-10)
By – Stuart H. Pouliot
Article #61
The Second Death, the Lake of Fire
December 2013
(25) For He must reign until He has put all His enemies under His feet. (26) The last enemy
that will be abolished is death. (1 Corinthians 15:25-26 NASB)
Then death and the unseen [hades] were cast [thrown] into the lake of fire. This is the second
death─the lake of fire. (Revelation 20:14 CV [YLT; NASB])
For some time now, I have been seeking the Lord in scripture for more understanding of the
lake of fire. I have written on the subject before but, of late, have had some questions,
particularly about the second death, which is the lake of fire.
To begin, death, in a very general sense, is the cessation of anything, most notably of life but
also of things seen (objects, works) and unseen (hopes, dreams, visions, etc.). So, the second
death is the cessation of something, but what does this mean?
It is obvious that the distinguishing feature of this death is that it is a second death and,
apparently by inference, is the last death as well. So, why is this called the second death and not
the last death? There is no direct use of the term first death in scripture, and the term second
death is used only four times, all in the book of Revelation. By inference, if there is a second,
there must be a first. On one level, it seems obvious enough that the first death must refer to
the death and hades of Revelation 20:14. But, if this is the only explanation, why not simply use
the same language of 1 Corinthians 15:26 and declare that death and hades are abolished? Why
refer to this as the second, unless it has some specific meaning?
In pursuit of answers to these and many other questions, I believe the Lord has given me
understanding as to the signification of the second death and, consequently, the lake of fire
that is quite simple and yet profound. Here it is:
The first death refers to the first Adam's death. In Adam all die. The second death refers to the
last Adam's (Second Man's) death. One (Christ) died for all, consequently all died. Notice that
both men brought a form of death to ALL. However, the difference between the two deaths is
that the first death produces nothing beyond death; it is life unto death. But, the second death
produces life; it is death unto life. In Christ all will be made alive . Simply, Adam's entire race
experiences two deaths, one in Adam and one in Christ. However, only in Christ is there life.
The lake of fire and brimstone signifies the spiritual fire of God that purifies by consuming
(bringing into death) the old man (carnal flesh) and his works and bringing forth the new man.
The Second Death, the Lake of Fire
December 2013
The second death and the lake of fire are unequivocally and absolutely essential for every single
person born of Adam's race, without exception. Regardless of what label (i.e., saved or lost) one
puts on people, all will experientially identify with the second death, and all will pass through
the consuming fire of God. The difference among men is in timing, severity, and how long the
fiery purification will last. The question is who will be hurt by the second death and who will
not. The other major difference is that the conquerors of our present age will come into
sonship as first fruits of the church and the rest of mankind, and they will reign with Christ and
judge the world and the messengers (angels). However, the glory and absolute victory of
Christ's death and resurrection demands that the time will come when there will no longer be
any outside the will of God, for all will bow and all will confess, even those who have been
angry at the Lord. A day is coming when there will be no unbelievers.
(22) "Turn to Me and be saved, all the ends of the earth; for I am God, and there is no other.
(23) "I have sworn by Myself, the word has gone forth from My mouth in righteousness and
will not turn back, that to Me every knee will bow, every tongue will swear allegiance. (24)
"They will say of Me, 'Only in the LORD are righteousness and strength.' Men will come to
Him, and all who were angry at Him will be put to shame. (Isaiah 45:22-24 NASB)
(9) For this reason also, God highly exalted Him, and bestowed on Him the name which is
above every name, (10) so that at the name of Jesus EVERY KNEE WILL BOW, of those who
are in heaven and on earth and under the earth, (11) and that every tongue will confess that
Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father. (Philippians 2:9-11 NASB)
The word bow means that one willingly and reverently prostrates himself before the Lord. It
does not mean one will be forced to his knees by the angels, as some teach. Besides, no one
can say, "Jesus is Lord," except by the Holy Spirit (1 Corinthians 12:3).
All are judged, whether through what is called the bema , the Judgment Seat of God and of
Christ, or the Great White Throne Judgment. Judgment brings out the truth. Jesus is the Truth
(John 14:6), and the truth will make you free (John 8:32). "So if the Son makes you free, you
will be free indeed" (John 8:36). The goal of judgment is to take away the first order of sin and
death in order to establish the second (Hebrews 10:9) so that God the Father may be all in all (1
Corinthians 15:28). Behold, He is making all things new (Revelation 21:5). This is the ultimate
purpose of God. All will be free indeed, free from sin and death; and all will come into the
glorious liberty of the life of the Son, for it is the Father's good pleasure to bring many sons
unto glory and to fill His whole creation with the glory of the Lord. This is truly good news!
Before proceeding further, it is suggested that if you have not read the following articles that
you do so or, at least, refer to them when referenced in what follows. These provide details
that will not be repeated in this article but are essential for further understanding of this topic. ( Man's [Free] Will vs. God's Will ) ( Eternal or Eonian?) ( Judgment of All by God is Love ) ( Hell-A Pagan Concept ) ( Wrath and Anger of God )
The Second Death, the Lake of Fire
December 2013
Two Men─Two Deaths
According to Paul's gospel, there are only two men in view, and all matters related to death are
explained through these two men, both of whom experienced deaths with profound impact on
all mankind, none excluded. They are the first Adam, the first man from the earth , and the last
Adam, the Second Man from heaven who is the Christ, the Son of Man and the Son of God, our
Lord Jesus Christ.
So also it is written, "The first MAN, Adam, BECAME A LIVING SOUL." The last Adam became
a life-giving spirit. (1 Corinthians 15:45 NASB)
The first man is from the earth, earthy; the second man is from heaven. (1 Corinthians 15:47
Mankind is divided according to these two men─those who are in the first Adam (soul-man) and
those who are in the last Adam (spirit-man); or stated another way, those who are in the first
man and those who are in the Second Man; or using Paul's terminology, those who are in Adam
and those who are in Christ . Interestingly, Christ is referred to as the last Adam but not as the
second Adam. The good news is that all mankind are destined to be alive in Christ.
For as in Adam all die, so also in Christ all will be made alive. (1 Corinthians 15:22 NASB)
In his Romans epistle, Paul contrasts the work of these two men that is summed up in two
words─death and life. Notice his use of the words one and many as he unfolds the justification
of life to all men (mankind, men and women).
(17) For if by the transgression of the one , death reigned through the one , much more those
who receive the abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness will reign in life through
the One, Jesus Christ . (18) So then as through one transgression there resulted condemnation
to all men, even so through one act of righteousness there resulted justification of life to all
men . (19) For as through the one man's disobedience the many were made sinners, even so
through the obedience of the One the many will be made righteous. (Romans 5:19 NASB)
The many are included in or identified with one of two men. Actually, all men (mankind), as the
many, start in the first one (first Adam), who is a type of Him who was to come (Romans 5:14),
and all mankind, as the many, end in the second One (last Adam, Jesus Christ). Paul presents a
rather simple equation: Adam + the many = ALL ; Christ + the many = ALL . Another way to look
at this is that the two Adams stand apart from the rest of mankind that are called the many . By
the way, Paul's use of the expression the many came from Isaiah 53:11: the Righteous One, My
Servant, will justify the many, He will bear their iniquities . Some argue that the use of the
word many rules out the word all , but Paul disproves this by clearly linking the many to all men .
The use of the word many is used to express that there will be a vast number of men and
women that will be brought into life. It could be likened to the great multitude which no one
could count (Revelation 7:9). Consequently, Isaiah and Paul saw the many, not the few.
Besides, the many were made sinners, and all have sinned (Romans 3:23).
The Second Death, the Lake of Fire
December 2013
We need to be very clear that both the condemnation and the justification Paul speaks of came
through death─Adam's death when he transgressed God's one command and Christ's death
when He was crucified on a cross for the sin of the world. The one transgression led to death
coming upon the entire human race from which no man is excluded, for all die. The one act of
righteousness that came through death led to life for the entire human race from which no man
is excluded, for all men will be drawn or dragged into life by a life-giving spirit.
"And I, if I am lifted up from the earth, will draw [literally, drag] all men to Myself." (John
12:32 NASB)
Based on Paul's comparison of the two men, the first death speaks of the first Adam's death
and the second death speaks of the last Adam's (Christ's) death. As all the affairs (history) of
mankind are summed up in two men, so are the two deaths, and, by the consummation of the
eons (ages), everyone born of Adam's race will have been brought through both deaths into
life, each in his own order (1 Corinthians 15:23). Technically, death in all its forms has already
been dealt a death blow, so to speak, but it is being worked out in our present eon and will
continue to be worked out throughout the eons to come. Ultimately, the condemnation to all
men will fully yield to the glory of the justification of life to all men. The last enemy that will be
abolished is death (1 Corinthians 15:26), for there will no longer be death (Revelation 21:4).
Now, let us consider the two deaths.
The First Death
(16) The LORD God commanded the man, saying, "From any tree of the garden you may eat
freely; (17) but from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the
day that you eat from it you will surely die." (Genesis 2:16-17 NASB)
Without doubt, there are many interpretations of what happened in the garden, specifically
what changes came upon Adam and Eve and what they passed onto their progeny. In some
respects, the theological debates over Genesis are moot, for all one needs to do is look at the
history of mankind to get a pretty good picture of man's condition that had its genesis in our
ancient parents. Sin and death pretty much sum up the history of mankind, even in the midst of
all that we would call good .
There were two trees in the garden, one that gave life and one that gave death. In the case of
Adam and his race, the key to our understanding is discovered in these two trees, the tree of
life and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, which could be called the tree of death. The
only antidote for the tree of knowledge is the tree of life, for without the tree of life even the
knowledge of good is death. Adam partook of the "death" tree and God barred his way to the
"life" tree; consequently, death in all its forms of cessation came upon Adam's being
(consequently, his entire race). We could say that sin infected man much like a disease and the
result or conclusion of this infection is death. Paul gives us the best explanation of what
occurred. Although he does not call it such, consider what Paul has to say about the first death.
For the inquiring mind, two renderings of Romans 5:12 are presented to provide further depth
to the matter.
The Second Death, the Lake of Fire
December 2013
Therefore, even as through one man sin entered into the world, and through sin death, and
thus death passed into all mankind, on which all sinned…. (Romans 5:12 CV)
Because of this (Therefore; That is why), just as through one man (through the act or agency of
one person) The Sin (or: the failure; the miss of the target; the deviation from the goal) entered
into the ordered System (the world of religion, culture, economy and government; or both
religious and secular society; or the cosmos) and through The Sin (failure; the mistake; the miss
of target; the deviation) The death also, in this way The Death thus also passed through in all
directions (or: came through the midst causing division and duality; went throughout) into all
mankind (or: into the midst of humanity; or to all the people), upon which [situation and
condition], all sinned (or: everyone fails and misses the target, falls short of the goal, makes
mistakes and deviates from the goal). (Romans 5:12 Jonathan Mitchell's NT)
For as in Adam all die…. (1 Corinthians 15:22 NASB)
By the way, 1 Corinthians 15 is one of the great chapters of all scripture as Paul defends the
bodily resurrection of Christ, and, consequently, the bodily resurrection of all men, each in his
own order. Simply, Paul defends the glory of putting off mortality (corruption, death) and
putting on immortality (incorruption, life beyond death).
It is commonly taught that Adam passed sin onto his progeny, but this is not entirely accurate.
What he introduced into mankind is sin, but what he passed onto mankind is death. Sin came
first, for the wages of sin is death (Romans 6:23). The Concordant Literal New Testament (CV)
cited above attempts to make this distinction with the awkward-sounding phrase death passed
through into all mankind, on which all sinned. On Adam's side, it is sin then death, but on our
side, it is death (mortality) then sin.
This explains why a fetus can die in the womb or a newborn can die immediately in the birth
canal or upon birth, having committed no sin. Unfortunately, it does not take very long for the
sin nature to surface, for as Paul tells us, sin reigns in death (Romans 5:21), meaning that
because we are mortal, we sin. In a sense, we have no choice; it is programmed into our DNA
because we live in mortal bodies and this is where sin resides, for all have sinned and fall short
of the glory of God (Romans 3:23).
Adam introduced sin into his race (not into God's entire creation) and death followed. Adam's
race has inherited death and in death all sin. It is a proven fact that in Adam all die , and all
humans born on planet earth are born in Adam with the exception of Jesus Christ, the last
Adam, who is of an entirely different realm or order.
In other words, all born of Adam's race, without exception, are born mortal; that is, all are born
into the process of dying that culminates in the body going into the grave and returning to the
dust (soil) of the earth, the soul or experiences of the body going to the unseen or sheol-hades
where the dead do not know anything (Ecclesiastes 9:5), and the spirit (breath) of man
returning to God (Ecclesiastes 12:7).
The Second Death, the Lake of Fire
December 2013
Now, some argue that the death Adam experienced was not of the body but entirely of the
spirit, meaning it was a spiritual death. Part of their premise is based on the two phrases in the
day and you will surely die . As their argument goes, Adam was formed from the soil of the earth
as a mortal and was destined to die, regardless of his one transgression. These same ones
generally dispute the idea that the phrase for in the day refers to a thousand-year day. They
insist the expression refers only to the actual day that Adam partook of the tree, and it is all
about spiritual death; it has nothing to do with physical death or any other type of death, for
that matter. In other words, they exclude other forms of death.
As an aside, it is unfortunate how so much theology is based on mutual exclusiveness; that is, if
one thing (or, condition) exists, then another thing must be excluded. However, there seems to
be far more inclusiveness in scripture than exclusiveness. As another aside, if you are interested
in a discussion of in the day , see article #45, Six Days and then the Seventh (April 2012).
Two literal translations of the same verse help to explain the death that came upon Adam and
his race.
… and of the tree of knowledge of good and evil, thou dost not eat of it, for in the day of
thine eating of it─dying thou dost die.' (Genesis 2:17 YLT)
Yet from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, you are not to be eating from it, for in
the day you eat from it, to die shall you be dying. (Genesis 2:17 CV)
Another way to state this warning is "you are dying to die," meaning that dying is the process
and to die is the consummation of the process; if you will, the final act of the process is the
grave. To be sure, the spirit of Adam was affected in that day, but it did not die in that day, as in
cease to exist (annihilation). If it had died, Adam would have died physically as well. When the
Lord God formed Adam out of the soil of the earth (i.e., formed a body), He breathed into his
nostrils the breath or spirit of life and he became a living soul (Genesis 2:9). The spirit is what
gives life; take away the spirit and life ceases. As James 2:26 says: The body without the spirit is
dead . To nail down the point, so to speak, the breath of life is not restricted to man.
(21) All flesh that moved on the earth perished, birds and cattle and beasts and every
swarming thing that swarms upon the earth, and all mankind; (22) of all that was on the dry
land, all in whose nostrils was the breath of the spirit of life , died. (Genesis 7:21-22 NASB)
However, this does raise the question of whether death is restricted entirely to the body. Again,
turning to Paul, who reminds us that man is comprised of spirit, soul, and body (1 Thessalonians
5:23), the answer is no; death is mutually inclusive and involves all three components of
man─spirit, soul, and body. The body degrades and eventually goes into the grave with no
inherent ability to get out; the soul is self-centered, fixated on "I and me" and continually
misses the mark (sins) by pleasing the flesh (the carnal, temporal body) as it tries to gain the
world (Mark 8:36); and the spirit of man is isolated from God's spirit so he knows nothing of a
God-centered spiritual life, for the spirit of God is not within him. In this sense, we could say
The Second Death, the Lake of Fire
December 2013
that the spirit is dead to God but not to man. History proves it and scripture, especially Paul's
epistles, explain it.
(6) For the mind set on the flesh is death , but the mind set on the Spirit is life and peace , (7)
because the mind set on the flesh is hostile toward God; for it does not subject itself to the
law of God, for it is not even able to do so, (8) and those who are in the flesh cannot please
God. (9) However, you are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if indeed the Spirit of God dwells
in you . But if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, he does not belong to Him. (10) If
Christ is in you, though the body is dead because of sin, yet the spirit is alive because of
righteousness. (Romans 8:6-10 NASB)
Paul makes the point for us that death is multifaceted, having affected more than the body, as
evidenced by the mind set on the flesh (temporal, mortal body) is death. In other words, when
man caters to, even worships, his carnal or bodily desires, it produces death. A mind set on the
flesh is obsessed with all that gives pleasure to the senses of the body.
The wages of sin is death (Romans 6:23), and Adam brought all of mankind into sin and death;
consequently, everything associated with the first Adam is death. Mankind did not enter the
realm of life as typified by the tree of life; mankind entered into the realm of death and
everything associated with this realm is death. The remedy to this death is to come into the
death of Christ that rises out of the grave into the realm of life and receive the indwelling of the
spirit of God and of Christ, that is, Christ in you (Colossians 1:27). Without the spirit of God, the
spirit of man has no meaningful relationship with God, for he does not know how to please
God. However, more than this, man has a groan within that cries out to God for deliverance
from the toil of life on earth.
Why Have You Forsaken Me?
(1) My God, my God, why have You forsaken me? Far from my deliverance are the words of
my groaning. (2) O my God, I cry by day, but You do not answer; and by night, but I have no
rest. (Psalm 22:1-2 NASB)
Truly, when David first penned these words, his soul was in deep anguish as he felt abandoned
by his God. He cried out, but there was no answer to satisfy his groaning; there was no rest
from his forsakenness. He was all alone in his darkness. Let us be clear that this was David's cry;
it belonged to him well before the King of kings arrived on the scene.
But then, Jesus as the last Adam, the Second Man, the Christ, even the King arrived, and on the
cross, as He looked out on His creation and the men and women before Him, He quoted David's
psalm and cried out, taking these words as His own cry of anguish.
About the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, saying, "ELI, ELI, LAMA
27:46 NASB)
The Second Death, the Lake of Fire
December 2013
We might think that the Son of God cried out these infamous words for Himself, but we must
remember that He is also the Son of Man. This cry echoed back into time to the garden when
the first Adam knew a dramatic change had taken place. Adam and his race were banished from
partaking of the tree of life, and they were cast out onto a cursed ground that they had to work
with the sweat of their faces if they were to eat. Their world became one of thorns and thistles,
with death all around. Everything returned to the soil or ground of the earth!
(17) Then to Adam He said, "Because you have listened to the voice of your wife, and have
eaten from the tree about which I commanded you, saying, 'You shall not eat from it'; Cursed
is the ground because of you; In toil you will eat of it all the days of your life. (18) "Both
thorns and thistles it shall grow for you; and you will eat the plants of the field; (19) by the
sweat of your face you will eat bread, till you return to the ground, because from it you were
taken; for you are dust, and to dust you shall return." (Genesis 3:17-19 NASB)
Surely, at times, this curse was too much to bear, and the first Adam must have cried out as the
last Adam cried out. Why? Why have you made it so hard for us to live? And, considering the
history of man, this cry has gone forth countless times from the anguished souls of men and
women who have found life so hard, so full of toil and sweat, so full of death and sin.
Jesus, who took on sinful flesh as the last Adam, cried out on the cross for all of humanity that
has been under the curse brought on by the first Adam. It has been the 6000-yearlong cry of
mankind forsaken by their God. There is no rest from their toil, no rest from the effects of sin
and death. However, the good news is that there is a Sabbath rest for the people of God, a
seventh day when all the toil ceases (Hebrews 4). This day is in Christ. This is a message all unto
itself, so we must leave it and press on with the matter of sin and death. We need to be
reminded that although the problem of sin and death has been settled in Christ, neither sin nor
death has been abolished as of today. We know it will be one day, for the last enemy death is
destined to be abolished because Jesus has overcome death.
Old Man, Sinful Flesh
Mankind continues to suffer as the first Adam. The epistles use various terms and means to
describe this realm of death that permeates all of the first Adam. Two terms are the old man
(Romans 6:6; Ephesians 4:22; Colossian 3:9) and the flesh . Paul saw sin dwelling in him and
nothing good dwelling in his flesh (Romans 7:17-18). Jesus came in the likeness of sinful flesh ,
and, as an offering for sin, He condemned sin in the flesh (Romans 8:3). As cited already, the
mind set on the flesh is death ; the flesh is hostile toward God ; and the flesh cannot please
God . The body is dead because of sin ! Much more clarity is given by Paul in his epistle to the
Galatians as he lists the symptoms of the flesh. We could say that he is describing a disease. The
flesh sets its desires against the Spirit; consequently, there is a present danger for all.
(16) But I say, walk by the Spirit, and you will not carry out the desire of the flesh. (17) For the
flesh sets its desire against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh; for these are in
opposition to one another, so that you may not do the things that you please. (18) But if you
are led by the Spirit, you are not under the Law. (19) Now the deeds of the flesh are evident,
which are: immorality, impurity, sensuality, (20) idolatry, sorcery, enmities, strife, jealousy,
The Second Death, the Lake of Fire
December 2013
outbursts of anger, disputes, dissensions, factions, (21) envying, drunkenness, carousing, and
things like these, of which I forewarn you, just as I have forewarned you, that those who
practice such things will not inherit the kingdom of God. (Galatians 5:16-21 NASB)
Another symptom of the flesh is described through the word lust , which means "longing." We
could say that the flesh longs for something other than God and His life; it longs for that which
can only bring forth death.
(14) But each one is tempted when he is carried away and enticed by his own lust. (15) Then
when lust has conceived, it gives birth to sin; and when sin is accomplished, it brings forth
death. (James 1:14-15 NASB)
You lust and do not have; so you commit murder. You are envious and cannot obtain; so you
fight and quarrel. You do not have because you do not ask. (James 4:2 NASB)
For by these He has granted to us His precious and magnificent promises, so that by them you
may become partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the
world by lust. (2 Peter 1:4 NASB)
(9) Then the Lord knows how to rescue the godly from temptation, and to keep the
unrighteous under punishment for the day of judgment, (10) and especially those who
indulge the flesh in its corrupt desires and despise authority. Daring, self-willed, they do not
tremble when they revile angelic majesties…. (2 Peter 2:9-10 NASB)
For all that is in the world, the lust of the flesh and the lust of the eyes and the boastful pride
of life, is not from the Father, but is from the world. (1 John 2:16 NASB)
The flesh is also described or inferred through the word carnal , meaning worldly, not spiritual.
And I, brethren, could not speak unto you as unto spiritual, but as unto carnal, even as unto
babes in Christ. (1 Corinthians 3:1 KJV)
(1) And I, brethren, could not speak unto you as unto spiritual, but as unto carnal, even as
unto babes in Christ. (2) I have fed you with milk, and not with meat: for hitherto ye were not
able to bear it, neither yet now are ye able. (3) For ye are yet carnal: for whereas there is
among you envying, and strife, and divisions, are ye not carnal, and walk as men? (4) For
while one saith, I am of Paul; and another, I am of Apollos; are ye not carnal? (1 Corinthians
3:1-4 KJV)
If we have sown unto you spiritual things, is it a great thing if we shall reap your carnal
things? (1 Corinthians 9:11 KJV)
There are various teachings about all these verses, especially regarding Paul's understanding of
the law and the flesh; however, these should serve to highlight the nature of the old man and
the symptoms of death that permeate this man. It should not be lost on us that there is a
tension between these two natures, between the realm of death for the old man and the realm
The Second Death, the Lake of Fire
December 2013
of life for the new man who has an earnest of the spirit of God dwelling within. For this reason,
Paul exhorts us to put off or lay aside the old man or old self and put on the new man or new
self (Ephesians 4:22-24; Colossians 3:9-10). In other words, come out of death. "Unbind him,
and let him go" (John 11:44).
Let us move onto the second death, for here we discover the death of all that is associated with
the first death, none excluded. All that is of sin and related to sin is dealt with in the second
death, which is as inclusive as the first death is inclusive.
The Second Death
The last Adam or the Second Man also experienced death but with an entirely different result.
The first Adam's death produced death that permeated all realms of man's constitution, but the
last Adam's death rectifies all that the first Adam brought upon his race and produces life in all
realms of man's constitution, as well as in God's entire creation. The death of the last Adam
leads to life for all in all realms─spirit, soul, and body.
Paul does not use the term second death , but he explains it for us.
(14) For the love of Christ constrains us, having judged this, that if One died for all, then all
died; (15) and He died for all , that the living ones may live no more to themselves, but to the
One having died for them and having been raised. (16) So as we now know no one according
to flesh, but even if we have known Christ according to flesh, yet now we no longer know Him
so. (17) So that if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creation; the old things have passed away;
behold, all things have become new! (18) And all things are from God, the One having
reconciled us to Himself through Jesus Christ, and having given to us the ministry of
reconciliation, (19) as, that God was in Christ reconciling the world to Himself, not charging
their deviations [transgressions] to them, and having put the Word of reconciliation in us. (2
Corinthians 5:14-19 LITV [NASB])
This particular translation uses an if…then clause: If Christ died for all, then all died. It is a
clausal relationship: If we agree that Christ died for all, which, according to scripture, He did,
then all died. In other words, He died for all, therefore all died . Don't read over this statement
too quickly, for this is paramount in our understanding of the good news. Therefore or
consequently or as a result of Christ's death, ALL DIED as well! The fact of the matter is that
when Christ died, He took all men and women with Him into the grave, none excluded. All of
mankind was rendered dead! Let this sink in!
Obviously, all of mankind did not literally die physically in that day. But in the eyes of God, the
entirety of the human race that was dead in transgressions has been brought into Christ's death
to die to the transgressions (i.e., sin). We could say that His death was imputed to all so that all
identify with Him in death. Or, to use a slang expression: The fix is in !
This means that Christ brought the first Adam's death into His death. This is the death of
death, the second death.
The Second Death, the Lake of Fire
December 2013
All are brought into the last Adam's death so that all may rise up out of the grave into life as a
new creation; this is the life of the NEW MAN or the Second Man. All are destined for
resurrection and/or transfiguration, not all at the same time but all eventually.
As an aside, some commentators see Paul's reference to the flesh in the above verses as
relating to God no longer recognizing anyone according to their birthrght, bloodline, or
heritage, specifically that of the Jew. This is an undeniable fact and one that Paul clearly makes
throughout his writings, including in these particular verses. However, this does not exclude the
much larger picture of the good news that death has been swallowed up in life and that there is
a new creation in Christ. All things have become new in Christ, and this newness comes through
His death to all that is of the first Adam and through His resurrection to life for all. The good
news is that God is not charging the world's transgressions against it; He reconciled Himself or
made peace with the world, and this is all because of the One who died, died for all;
consequently, all died with Him. How can God hold transgressions against a dead man? What
would this gain? He is dead.
The wages of sin is death, and the penalty has been paid in full by the ultimate and absolute
death of the Son of God and the identification of all of mankind with this death. This is the
second death.
Consider this; if all of mankind was brought into Christ's death by God Himself, meaning man
had no choice in the matter, then how does man come out of this death on his own? Simply, we
have nothing within us to give us life again. While we were still in our sinful carnal nature (old
man), Christ came and took this old ungodly life to the grave. For while we were still helpless,
at the right time Christ died for the ungodly (Romans 5:6). Christians generally read this verse
and see it applying only to those who somehow figure out how to save themselves. Paul made
no such assertion. All of mankind was in a state of ungodliness and helplessness when Christ, at
the foreordained and appointed time (Acts 2:23), died for the sin of the whole world as the
Savior of the world.
The only way into life is through the One who brought all of us into His death in the first place.
We cannot do it, no matter how much so-called free will we think we have. Only God can do it.
But God! (John 1:12-13; Romans 9:16) If we are dead by God's own doing, then only God can
give us life. The good news is that God has done it, is doing it, and will continue to do it until the
consummation of the ages, for God wills all men to be saved and to come to the knowledge of
the truth (1 Timothy 2:4).
Some might argue that this is not so based on Paul's own words in 2 Corinthians 5:15: He died
for all, so that they who live might no longer live for themselves, but for Him who died and
rose again on their behalf . Isn't Paul restricting the all that died to those who exercise their
free will to believe? Doesn't the all refer to only believers? No! Emphatically, no! One has to
read this into Paul's gospel. For the grace of God has appeared, bringing salvation to all men
(Titus 2:11). Paul fixed our hope on the living God, who is the Savior of all men, especially of
believers (1 Timothy 4:10). The word especially does not mean "exclusively." It is simply Paul's
way of singling out the believers of this age, but it does not follow that he is excluding any of
mankind from coming into life. Keep in mind that, like all writers, Paul had a specific audience in
The Second Death, the Lake of Fire
December 2013
mind that he sought to encourage and exhort. The fact is that Paul indicates each will come in
according to his own rank or order: In Adam all die, so also in Christ all will be made alive. But
each in his own order (1 Corinthians 15:22-23). So that we are not tempted to think 2
Corinthians 5:14-15 stands alone in Paul's gospel, consider what he has to say in his Roman's
(8) Now if we have died with Christ , we believe that we shall also live with Him , (9) knowing
that Christ, having been raised from the dead, is never to die again; death no longer is master
over Him . (10) For the death that He died, He died to sin once for all ; but the life that He lives,
He lives to God. (11) Even so consider yourselves to be dead to sin, but alive to God in Christ
Jesus. (Romans 6:8-11 NASB)
The second death has won the victory for all mankind, for Christ overcame or conquered death.
This is what is meant by never to die again and death no longer is master over Him . He also died
to sin once for all, and He now lives to God. Death and sin have been conquered by Christ
through His death as proven and declared by His resurrection (Romans 1:3-4). It is a fact that
not only was death dealt with in Christ's death, but so was sin. He died to sin once for all. His
death was a death sentence on sin as well as on death. He now has the keys of death and of
hades (Revelation 1:18).
Death is swallowed up in victory. The sting of death is sin. O death, where is your sting?
Thanks be to God who gives us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ (1 Corinthians 15:54-
JESUS HAS FIXED IT ALL! This is the good news of Christ. We are to stand in this truth and
withstand in it. We are to walk in this truth and to glory in it. God is love has undone all that
was wrought by the first Adam. He has fixed the entirety of mankind and creation in His
beloved Son.
God is love. In this is love, not that we loved God, but that He loved us and sent His Son to be
the propitiation for our sins; and not for ours only, but also for those of the whole world. (1
John 4:8, 10; 2:2)
The fix is in for those of the whole world, not just us. It is presently being worked out. On our
part, we are to reckon ourselves crucified with Christ, meaning we are dead men as far as our
old man (old self, old "I") is concerned. This was Paul's testimony.
I am crucified with Christ, and no longer live, I, but Christ lives in me; but in that I now live in
flesh, I live by faith, the faith of the Son of God, who has loved me and given himself for me.
(Galatians 2:20 DNT)
This translation properly notes that Paul's faith was the faith of the Son, meaning Paul had no
faith of his own. He was given the faith of Jesus which then became his faith. His personal
testimony supports this: But the grace of our Lord surpassingly over-abounded with faith and
love, which is in Christ Jesus (1 Timothy 1:14 DNT).
The Second Death, the Lake of Fire
December 2013
There is a present-day identification with Christ's death, the second death. The "I" used by Paul
refers to the self-centered "I" of the old man, the sinful flesh. Stated another way: My old "I"
that thrived in the first death no longer lives; I live by the new "I," the new life that came out of
the second death and thrives in the life of Christ, the Second Man.
Paul not only saw himself crucified but also all who believe as well. You have died! This also
connects back to Romans 6:8: if we have died with Christ . In Colossians, Paul makes it more
emphatic: you have died . As such, we are to consider the members of our body that sin as dead
to the outworking of this sin. Again, lay aside the old self with its practices (Colossian 3:9).
(3) For you have died and your life is hidden with Christ in God. (4) When Christ, who is our
life [the new I life] , is revealed, then you also will be revealed with Him in glory. (5) Therefore
consider the members of your earthly body as dead to immorality, impurity, passion, evil
desire, and greed, which amounts to idolatry. (Colossians 3:3-5 NASB) [added by writer]
As an aside, it seems that some commentators separate this objective truth of being crucified
with Christ from the working out of this truth (i.e., putting off the old man, dying to self, taking
up our cross, etc.), as if there is an additional death in play. I see no need to divide it this way
based on the simple concept of two men, two deaths. The objective truth and the experiential
working out of this truth are mutually inclusive. That we must work out this truth does not
weaken the power of it; it glorifies it, for we come to see that it must be all of Christ or nothing.
We come to see our total and absolute need for Christ who is our salvation. His grace is
sufficient in the working out of this truth. Again, Paul, who had a weakness in his flesh, gives us
the example to follow.
And He has said to me, "My grace is sufficient for you, for power is perfected in weakness."
Most gladly, therefore, I will rather boast about my weaknesses, so that the power of Christ
may dwell in me. (2 Corinthians 12:9 NASB)
As to the matter of the all-sufficiency of grace, Paul links the grace of God to working out this
objective truth.
(11) For the grace of God has appeared, bringing salvation to all men, (12) instructing us to
deny ungodliness and worldly desires and to live sensibly, righteously and godly in the
present age, (13) looking for the blessed hope and the appearing of the glory of our great God
and Savior, Christ Jesus, (14) who gave Himself for us to redeem us from every lawless deed,
and to purify for Himself a people for His own possession, zealous for good deeds. (Titus 2:11-
14 NASB)
Grace brings salvation to all men; men do not go looking for it, God brings it. This one fact alone
takes all the pressure off any of us trying to save ourselves even after we know we are saved.
Too many Christians live in fear that they might lose their salvation or make God so mad that
He will toast them along with all the other billions of lost souls who are in hell or going to hell.
What a lie! Relax; God's grace has saved you, is saving you, and will save you. And, guess what?
He is going to do it for all as well, none excluded! No man will boast in himself; all will boast in
the Lord.
The Second Death, the Lake of Fire
December 2013
The good news is that grace is not a one-time phenomenon. In verse 12, the word instructing is
better translated chastening , meaning the grace of God chastens us to live sensibly. Grace has a
continuing purpose in our lives that pertains to us walking in a manner pleasing to God. If grace
given to save us is a free gift, do you not think grace given to chasten us unto a godly life is not
a free gift as well?
Chastening is required because there is often a tension within us that ebbs and flows as a battle
is fought between our flesh and the Spirit. Given this tension, our experience sometimes lags
behind the objective truth. However, we are to press on toward the goal (Philippians 3:14) and,
as we do, hold it by faith as we work out our salvation as God works in us to will and to work for
His good pleasure (Philippians 2:12-13). The good news is that in time the Spirit rules and by
grace the flesh is subdued. In Christ there is only victory, there is no such thing as defeat.
Then, one day, we will be resurrected and/or transfigured into the likeness of Christ with
immortal, glorified, spiritual, celestial bodies that embody and can transcend both the physical
(seen) and spiritual (unseen) realms. Just as we have borne the image of the earthly, we will
also bear the image of the heavenly (celestial) (1 Corinthians 15:49).
Conformed to His Death
Now, this leads to being conformed to His death. Paul came to see the way to deal with the old
man within us is to experientially identify with Christ's death, not simply in word but in a life
that dies to self; again, it is the crucified life. We might be tempted to think we have to work up
a head of steam, so to speak, in order to do this, but not so. It can only come by experientially
knowing Him and the power of His resurrection, knowing the power of His life.
(10) That I may know Him and the power of His resurrection and the fellowship of His
sufferings, being conformed to His death; (11) in order that I may attain to the resurrection
from the dead. (Philippians 3:10-11 NASB)
Paul sought to be included in the out-resurrection from among the dead, which is the first
resurrection (Revelation 20:4-6). But his way was by being conformed to the death of his
Master, even through fellowship with His sufferings. Paul sought to be conformed to the
second death, the very death of Christ. Mind you, Paul was not stating he could die for the sin
of the world, which is impossible for anyone of Adam's race to do. He sought to die to all of
himself, that is, to his own will, which is essential for all to do. His heart was like his Lord's
heart: Not My will, but Yours be done (Luke 22:42). This was a complete dying to self, all in
accord with the words of Jesus.
(24) Then Jesus said to His disciples, "If anyone wishes to come after Me, he must deny
himself, and take up his cross and follow Me. (25) "For whoever wishes to save his life will
lose it; but whoever loses his life for My sake will find it. (26) "For what will it profit a man if
he gains the whole world and forfeits his soul? Or what will a man give in exchange for his
soul? (Matthew 16:24-26 NASB)
(23) And He was saying to them all, "If anyone wishes to come after Me, he must deny
himself, and take up his cross daily and follow Me. (24) "For whoever wishes to save his life
The Second Death, the Lake of Fire
December 2013
will lose it, but whoever loses his life for My sake, he is the one who will save it. (25) "For
what is a man profited if he gains the whole world, and loses or forfeits himself? (Luke 9:23-
25 NASB)
On this side of the cross, taking up our cross is a death to the old man. Taking up our cross is
declaring that I have been crucified with Christ. My old way was death. My new way is life. Let's
add another word from Paul.
(14) But may it never be that I would boast, except in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ,
through which the world has been crucified to me, and I to the world. (15) For neither is
circumcision anything, nor uncircumcision, but a new creation. (Galatians 6:14-15 NASB)
We are a new creation, and our old creation must die by identifying with the second death of
Christ, which includes a death to the world system, the spirit of the world (1 Corinthians 2:12).
Paul (along with the other apostles) is an example of one dying to self and, as such, being
experientially conformed to His death, which, as I believe the Lord has shown me, is the second
death. Paul declared that he died daily (1 Corinthians 15:31) for the good news to go forth, and
his testimony bore this out. For example, read 2 Corinthians 6:3-10 and 11:23-29. If this isn't
enough, then read of his trials in Acts.
All of us who are going on in the Lord in this age are called to walk in this same path. We are to
die to a self-centered life set on pleasing the flesh. We are to lay down our lives for one another
as Christ laid down His life for all. Love demands it! We are to put off the old that loves self and
put on the new that loves all mankind. As we do, we become more and more like Christ and are
truly conquerors or overcomers who are walking in a manner worthy of the God who invites
us into His own kingdom and glory (1 Thessalonians 2:12).
Is it an easy walk? Is death easy? No! It is a walk of suffering (Romans 8:17-18), fiery trials
(James 1:2; 1 Peter 4:12), tribulations (Acts 14:22), persecutions (Matthew 5:10; 13:21; Acts
8:1; Romans 8:35; 2 Timothy 3:12), discipline (Hebrews 12:1-11), striving and contending (Luke
13:24; 1 Timothy 4:10; Jude 1:3), and learning obedience as Jesus learned obedience (Hebrews
5:8). The good news is that those of us in this age who are granted the grace and faith of Jesus
to believe have the opportunity to experience the second death by the same grace and faith
while we continue to occupy the body of this death (Romans 7:24). If we do, we will not be hurt
by the second death of the Great White Throne Judgment. Thanks be to God through Jesus
Christ our Lord (Romans 7:25) !
(10) 'Do not fear what you are about to suffer. Behold, the devil is about to cast some of you
into prison, so that you will be tested , and you will have tribulation for ten days. Be faithful
until death , and I will give you the crown of life. (11) 'He who has an ear, let him hear what
the Spirit says to the churches. He who overcomes [conquers] will not be hurt by the second
death .' (Revelation 2:10-11 NASB [ESV])
The Second Death, the Lake of Fire
December 2013
Notice that it does not state the conquerors will not experience or pass through the second
death; it states they will not be hurt by it . Why? Because they will have been conformed to the
image of Christ and like the three Hebrews walking through the furnace of fire with the Lord by
their side, they will be untouched by the fire of the second death.
Men will experience the second death either now in this age while occupying mortal bodies or
later as a result of the Great White Thrown Judgment and the final resurrection of the dead.
This is not a physical death; it is the death of sin, or we could say, the death of the old sin
nature, the carnal nature (flesh) of the first Adam, the death of being a slave to sin. Jesus tells
us that this death is related to the soul-life.
For whosoever may be wanting to save his soul shall be destroying it. Yet whoever should be
destroying his soul on My account shall be finding it. (Matthew 16:25 CV)
Christ is in us and we are in Christ now , not later, and, as such, we have a new creation life in
us, even as we occupy mortal bodies, that allows us to be conformed to His image on a daily
basis as, by grace through the faith of the Son, we die to self and live according to His life and
His love as we await the resurrection and/or transfiguration and our full inheritance, which is
God Himself . The earnest of the spirit of Christ within us ensures us of this (Ephesians 1:13-14).
As the Lord's people, we are to have hearts like Paul's heart that willingly and voluntarily take
up our cross, knowing that His grace is sufficient, so that we too can share in the fellowship of
His sufferings, being conformed to His death so that we might be conformed to His image
sooner rather than later. Without suffering, there is no glory (Romans 8:17).
Summary of the Two Deaths
Understanding the two deaths and their ramifications is so important that we need to
summarize what has been stated so far before we move onto the fire of God.
It seems that in the sight of God there are only two deaths. The first man or the first Adam
brought death into all mankind; thus, this death is rightfully called the first death . The Second
Man or the last Adam took all mankind into death with Him; thus, this death is rightfully called
the second death . Christ died for ALL, consequently ALL died!
The first man's death is different from the Second Man's death. The first Adam's death has no
way out; it is simply death and, of course, sin reigns in this death. All of us are born mortal and
we experience death, mortality. However, the last Adam's death is entirely different. The
second death is a death to death and sin, resulting in life for all. The second death kills mortality
and ushers in immortality. It kills the old man and births the new man, the new creation in
Christ where God is all in all. It kills sin and ushers in righteousness. It takes the unclean and
produces the clean. The Second Man's death takes away sin altogether, meaning it takes away
the sin nature entirely, not merely sins. Behold, the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of
the world (John 1:29), who bore the sins of many (Hebrews 9:28). Therefore, the Second Man's
death is not like the first man's death; it is the Second Death. It is the death of death! This death
is essential, for out of it God raises up mankind into life, the life of His Son.
The Second Death, the Lake of Fire
December 2013
We are called to have a life that radiates a likeness of the second death, conquering through
knowing Him and the power of His resurrection and the fellowship of His sufferings. We are to
be immersed (baptized) into His death, experientially identifying with His death. It is a call to die
to a self-centered nature and to live by a Christ-centered nature, living and walking by the spirit
of God (Galatians 5:25). It is a life that declares: Not my will, but Yours be done!
The out-resurrection awaits all who press on toward the goal for the prize; they will attain to it
in the Day of Christ. They will not be hurt by the second death associated with the Great White
Throne Judgment, for they will have already been identified with and experientially conformed
into a likeness of the second death while they occupied mortal bodies. They are ones who live
by the power of His resurrection; therefore, the second death has no power over them.
(10) In order that I might come to know Him in an experiential way, and to come to know
experientially the power of His resurrection and a joint-participation in His sufferings, being
brought to the place where my life radiates a likeness to His death ; (11) if by any means I
might arrive at the goal, namely, the out-resurrection from among those who are dead.
(Philippians 3:10-11 Wuest, An Expanded Translation )
(12) Not that I have already obtained it or have already become perfect, but I press on so that
I may lay hold of that for which also I was laid hold of by Christ Jesus. (13) Brethren, I do not
regard myself as having laid hold of it yet; but one thing I do: forgetting what lies behind and
reaching forward to what lies ahead, (14) I press on toward the goal for the prize of the
upward call of God in Christ Jesus. (Philippians 3:12-14 NASB)
(5) The rest of the dead did not come to life until the thousand years were completed. This is
the first resurrection. (6) Blessed and holy is the one who has a part in the first resurrection;
over these the second death has no power , but they will be priests of God and of Christ and
will reign with Him for a thousand years. (Revelation 20:5-6 NASB)
Perhaps Jesus' word on the death of a grain of wheat best describes the second death.
(25) "Truly, truly, I say to you, unless a grain of wheat falls into the earth and dies, it remains
alone; but if it dies, it bears much fruit. (25) "He who loves his life loses it, and he who hates
his life in this world will keep it to life eternal. (26) "If anyone serves Me, he must follow Me;
and where I am, there My servant will be also; if anyone serves Me, the Father will honor
him. (27) "Now My soul has become troubled; and what shall I say, 'Father, save Me from this
hour'? But for this purpose I came to this hour." (John 12:24-27 NASB)
The grain dies, but, in a sense, it does not, for out of the grain, the seed form, comes a new
resurrected life, a much greater form that bears much fruit. This is what we are all called into, a
life that falls into the ground and dies to its grain nature in order to produce new growth and
thus new life. Jesus is the consummate example of One who fell into the ground to die. He
came to do His Father's will, and His will was to fall into the ground and die. We are called into
nothing less. We die to live. For you have died and your life is hidden with Christ in God. When
Christ, who is our life, is revealed, then you also will be revealed with Him in glory (Colossians
The Second Death, the Lake of Fire
December 2013
Now, this leads to another truth that is linked to the second death. We know that in Revelation
20 the second death is also called the lake of fire . Consequently, death and fire are joined as
one, which further explains the nature of the second death. It is a death by fire. As we will see,
all must go through this fire. We must follow our Lord and Savior today so that we will be raised
up in glory in His Day.
The Good and Essential Nature of Fire
What is fire? Interestingly, there is some debate over the correct definition of fire. Obviously,
this is beyond the scope of this article, so we will stick to some common definitions of it. Fire is
combustion or burning; a substance combines chemically with oxygen from the air and typically
gives out bright light, heat, and smoke. Another definition states that fire is the rapid
combination with fuel in the presence of heat, typically characterized by flame, a body of
incandescent (luminous with intense heat) gas that contains and sustains the reaction and
emits light and heat. Oxygen + fuel = heat = fire. Others define fire as that which works at the
atomic level to divide the elements.
The word burn means to consume, but this does not mean total annihilation in the absolute
sense, for the basic elements are not destroyed in fire; the fuel of the fire simply changes.
Einstein's Law of Conservation of Energy states that energy is neither created nor destroyed; it
can only change form. This is basically what happens with fire. When any matter burns, it
undergoes change and energy is transferred, meaning fire is not a totally destructive force as if
when the flame has ceased nothing remains. This is not true, for the fuel simply changes form
or chemical structure. We might not see the change or recognize it, but it is there.
In the natural realm, consider what would happen if man did not have literal fire. Man could
not live throughout the earth without fire. Need we be reminded that the inner core of our
planet contains fire that erupts to the surface through volcanoes? Fire is essential for cooking,
heating, manufacturing, purifying, cleansing, and, in our modern world, generating energy that
runs practically everything we depend upon in our daily lives. Cars run on fire; power plants run
on fire; petroleum products are produced by fire; steel is formed by fire; precious metals (gold,
silver) are refined by fire; solar power comes from the sun, a huge ball of fire, to name a few
examples. Even our human bodies are, to some degree, forms of fire, for we generate heat
within our cells to maintain an average temperature of 98.6 degrees F. Without the ability to
make heat through fire, mankind would be restricted to the year-round warmer areas of the
globe. Needless to say, fire is essential for us to live on planet earth.
Fire is also a purifying and cleansing agent, for, in a good sense, it removes impurities and
unwanted materials. Although disputed by some, others credit the Great Fire of London in 1666
for slowing the bubonic plague that is estimated to have killed 100,000 people in England. The
fire is suspected of killing off rodents and fleas that carried the pestilence. Another example
involves forestry. Have you ever observed a forest that has been destroyed by fire? In time, out
of the ashes comes forth new growth as the forest comes alive again. Even well-established
forests need to be control-burned periodically so that new and better growth will come forth.
The Second Death, the Lake of Fire
December 2013
These controlled burns are necessary to remove underbrush and dead trees and brush that
hinder growth and serve as tinder if lightning strikes and sets the forest ablaze.
So, fire is a good and essential thing, especially for its ability to cleanse and purify. Keep these
points in mind as we expand our understanding of the second death as a lake of fire, for this
aspect of literal fire speaks to the spiritual aspect or signification of God's fire.
In scripture, fire is presented and symbolized in many ways. It is not the intent of this section to
discuss all the ways fire appears in scripture. If interested, the Tentmaker website has an article
titled Fire in the Bible .
In ancient times, it is clear that God used literal fire to judge nations and cities. The classic
example is Sodom and Gomorrah. The more recent example is the destruction of Jerusalem in
70 AD. Because of examples like this, many have been led to believe that God is going to judge
the wicked with literal fire as well. However, Paul tells us that the spiritual is not first, but the
natural; then the spiritual (1 Corinthians 15:46) and that we must be taught by the Spirit,
combining spiritual thoughts with spiritual words (1 Corinthians 2:13). In other words, it is true
that God works in the natural realm, but, as ones who have an earnest of His spirit within us,
we need to learn to discern and understand that which is spiritual. The Lord wants us to see
beyond the natural and temporal into His realm and to see what He is doing spiritually in the
earth today and will do in the ages to come.
Sodom is a great example of how we are to transcend God's physical or temporal judgments to
see His spiritual judgments. Have you considered what scripture has to say about the past and
future judgment of Sodom? We know that its inhabitants and land were totally destroyed by
fire in the days of Abraham, never to rise up again so that its exact location is unknown even to
this day. Consider what the Lord Jesus has to say about Sodom and Gomorrah.
"Truly I say to you, it will be more tolerable for the land of Sodom and Gomorrah in the day
of judgment than for that city." (Matthew 10:15 NASB)
(23) "And you, Capernaum, will not be exalted to heaven, will you? You will descend to
Hades; for if the miracles had occurred in Sodom which occurred in you, it would have
remained to this day. (24) "Nevertheless I say to you that it will be more tolerable for the
land of Sodom in the day of judgment, than for you." (Matthew 11:23-24 NASB)
Clearly, the people of these two immoral cities are going to appear before the throne of God,
specifically the Great White Throne , to be judged. For what purpose? Are they going to be
raised up from the dead to undergo another fiery destruction or annihilation, perhaps 5,000
years hence, like the one they had previously experienced when the Lord prematurely cut their
lives short? What purpose would this serve from God's perspective other than to exact some
form of vengeance? It would appear to be double jeopardy or paying twice for the same crime.
Where is this in God's law given through Moses to the ancient sons of Israel? Even man's law
generally does not condone double jeopardy.
The Second Death, the Lake of Fire
December 2013
Some theologians teach that Sodom and Gomorrah are presently in a toaster oven of physical
torture and that they will be raised up from this hell-hole only to be cast into another hell-hole
called the lake of fire that is hotter and viler than their previous imprisonment. Some in
America liken it to first being held in a city jail and then later cast into a federal prison. Where
does this come from if not from the fertile, carnal mind of man, regardless of what title the man
holds? It surely is not in scripture, but it can be traced through pagan religions.
God is not into double jeopardy, for there is no justice in this; it is strictly punitive in the
extreme. When we follow the course of justice in the light of first the natural and then the
spiritual, we see that the physical or natural fire and brimstone that rained on these immoral
cities signify the spiritual truth that God intends to judge the works or deeds of the carnal flesh
of man, not for his annihilation or eternal torture (punitive vengeance) but for correction and
restoration back to God Himself.
It is similar to Paul's teaching that we must put off the old man, which was crucified with Christ
(Romans 6:6), and put on the new man, which after God is created in true righteousness and
holiness (Ephesians 4:24). Nothing good dwells in the flesh of the old man, for the law of sin
dwells there, making it hostile to God (Romans 7:5, 25; 8:7). In our carnal flesh, none of us are
any different than the people of Sodom and Gomorrah; we all come from the same corrupt
stock. Is it so difficult to accept that God intends to take off the old man of Adam's entire race
and put on the new man of the last Adam for the same entire race of people, creating an
entirely new people, a new creation? First the natural, then the spiritual; first a natural body,
then a spiritual body!
God is spirit, and His fire must be understood in spirit. Another way to state this is that God's
fire must be discerned in spirit, or yet another way to state it is that His fire is spiritual fire, not
natural fire. In scripture, fire in the natural realm comes first; then fire in the spiritual realm. If
fire is a purifying and cleansing agent in the natural realm, then why isn't it a purifying and
cleansing agent in the spirit realm? In fact, knowing that God is love dictates that it is more so in
the spirit realm. God is spirit and God is fire; therefore, God is spirit-fire. Admittedly, this is
playing with words a bit. To use the exact scriptural phrase, God is a consuming fire , meaning
God is likened to fire. As we will see, His word is also likened to fire.
God, a Consuming Fire
God is spirit, love, light, and life. Light is one of the components of fire; the other component is
heat. As discussed in article #60, Wrath and Anger of God (November 2013), there are several
Hebrew and Greek words translated into the words wrath and vengeance , some of which
denote heated (i.e., fiery) passion, even to blow smoke (i.e., from fire). In addition, wrath is
death (not torture), and, as such, God's passion is to bring man's old nature fully into death
through the second death of the Second Man. So, within these words, we get an intimation of
the fire of God, that is, His heat and light.
The exact expression consuming fire appears eight times in scripture, and in all cases, it is used
in reference to the Lord and His people. Interestingly, the number 8 signifies new birth, new
creation, or new beginnings . Does this not intimate the purpose of God's fire is to bring about
The Second Death, the Lake of Fire
December 2013
something new? God's fire kills off the carnal flesh in order to fully release the life of His Son.
Again, it is likened to a purifying and cleansing agent that burns up or removes the flesh, the
dross, the chaff, the tares, the disobedience, the rebellion, the lawlessness, the enemies, etc.
Although I use the word likened , as in God is likened to fire, I believe we could say that God is
fire. If asked, I think God would say: I AM FIRE!
Let us consider these eight references, discerning them spiritual to spiritual.
Fire, Glory, Kingdom
God's fire, kingdom, and glory are inter-related and reveal the plan and purpose of God.
And to the eyes of the sons of Israel the appearance of the glory of the LORD was like a
consuming fire on the mountain top. (Exodus 24:17 NASB)
This is the first mention of a consuming fire, and it is likened to the glory of the Lord. When the
Lord appeared on Mt. Sinai and spoke in the midst of a fire, the sons of Israel feared for their
lives, and rightly so. This was Moses' sixth trip to the top of the mountain, and he remained
there for forty days and forty nights. A cloud had covered the mountain for six days and Moses
was called to enter the midst of the cloud on the seventh day. This is a type of Christ coming in
the glory of His Kingdom on the seventh day. Again, this is explained in article #45 on the sixth
and seventh days (note link already mentioned). Moses, whom the Lord spoke to face to face
(Exodus 33:11), not only likened the Lord's glory to fire but he also likened God Himself to fire, a
consuming fire. Again, God is fire!
"For the LORD your God is a consuming fire , a jealous God." (Deuteronomy 4:24 NASB)
What will be the result of God's consuming fire? In Moses' day, the Lord granted a pardon to
the sons of Israel; however, this intimated God's greater plan to fill the whole earth with His
glory, a theme later reiterated by Habakkuk. Consequently, all mankind will be pardoned.
(19) "Pardon, I pray, the iniquity of this people according to the greatness of Your
lovingkindness, just as You also have forgiven this people, from Egypt even until now." (20)
So the LORD said, "I have pardoned them according to your word; (21) but indeed, as I live, all
the earth will be filled with the glory of the LORD. (Numbers 14:19-21 NASB)
(13) "Is it not indeed from the LORD of hosts that peoples toil for fire, and nations grow
weary for nothing? (14) "For the earth will be filled with the knowledge of the glory of the
LORD, as the waters cover the sea. (Habakkuk 2:13-14 NASB)
Along this same line, Ezekiel saw the divine glory of God as he was given a vision of the Lord as
the Son of Man on His throne. Take note of fire and glory in his account of the vision.
(26) Now above the expanse that was over their heads there was something resembling a
throne, like lapis lazuli in appearance; and on that which resembled a throne, high up, was a
The Second Death, the Lake of Fire
December 2013
figure with the appearance of a man . (27) Then I noticed from the appearance of His loins and
upward something like glowing metal that looked like fire all around within it, and from the
appearance of His loins and downward I saw something like fire ; and there was a radiance
around Him. (28) As the appearance of the rainbow in the clouds on a rainy day, so was the
appearance of the surrounding radiance. Such was the appearance of the likeness of the glory
of the LORD. And when I saw it, I fell on my face and heard a voice speaking. (Ezekiel 1:26-28
John's Patmos vision, which has much similarity to Ezekiel's vision, also includes fiery imagery of
the Lord Jesus as the Son of Man.
(14) His head and His hair were white like white wool, like snow; and His eyes were like a
flame of fire. (15) His feet were like burnished bronze, when it has been made to glow in a
furnace, and His voice was like the sound of many waters. (Revelation 1:14-15 NASB)
His eyes are a flame of fire, and on His head are many diadems; and He has a name written
on Him which no one knows except Himself. (Revelation 19:12 NASB)
By drawing upon Moses, the Hebrews epistle brings the Kingdom and, by inference, the Glory
and the consuming Fire of God together.
(28) Therefore, since we receive a kingdom which cannot be shaken, let us show gratitude, by
which we may offer to God an acceptable service with reverence and awe; (29) for our God is
a consuming fire . (Hebrews 12:28-29 NASB)
What cannot be shaken are those things that have come through the consuming fire of God.
Things that can be shaken are things that are consumed in the spirit-fire of God; the things that
cannot be shaken, that is, consumed by fire, remain, for they are of the character of the
Kingdom of God, more specifically, the character of God's Son and King. Again, for this reason,
Paul exhorts us to walk in a manner worthy of the God who calls you into His own kingdom
and glory (1 Thessalonians 2:12 NASB).
If we take all of this imagery as literal fire, we miss the very heart of God to purify and cleanse
this earth so that not only His glory will fill it but also His righteousness will dwell in it. Jesus'
death and resurrection have secured this for not only the earth and all creation but for all
mankind. God's fire will go forth until He has consumed all that is not fit for His Kingdom.
God's Fiery Word
In two other consuming fire verses, His word is likened to fire that proceeds out of the Lord's
mouth or off His tongue.
Behold, the name of the LORD comes from a remote place; burning is His anger and dense is
His smoke; His lips are filled with indignation and His tongue is like a consuming fire …. (Isaiah
30:27 NASB)
The Second Death, the Lake of Fire
December 2013
And the LORD will cause His voice of authority to be heard, and the descending of His arm to
be seen in fierce anger, and in the flame of a consuming fire in cloudburst, downpour and
hailstones. (Isaiah 30:30 NASB)
As a consuming fire, the Lord's word, which includes His law and commands, is confirmed
elsewhere. We could call it His fiery word or fiery law. Let us not forget that the Lord Jesus is
the Word. Could we not say that He is the Fire as well? He is the Fiery Word!
"Is not My word like fire?" declares the LORD, "and like a hammer which shatters a rock?
(Jeremiah 23:29 NASB)
The voice of the LORD hews out flames of fire. (Psalm 29:7 NASB)
"Out of the heavens He let you hear His voice to discipline you; and on earth He let you see
His great fire, and you heard His words [commands, law] from the midst of the fire."
(Deuteronomy 4:36 NASB)
From his right hand went a fiery law for them. (Deuteronomy 33:2 KJV) [This verse is included
in order to directly link the law to fire.]
Therefore, thus says the LORD, the God of hosts, "Because you have spoken this word,
Behold, I am making My words in your mouth fire and this people wood, and it will consume
them. (Jeremiah 5:14 NASB)
So I have hewn them by the prophets; I have slain them by the Words of My mouth; and your
judgments have been as the light that goes forth. (Hosea 6:5 LITV)
And if anyone wants to harm them, fire flows out of their mouth and devours their enemies;
so if anyone wants to harm them, he must be killed in this way. (Revelation 11:5 NASB)
As for the two witnesses, the fire coming forth from them is the same that came forth from
Jeremiah. They are not literal flame throwers. It would be comical if it weren't so sad, but some
preachers actually believe this speaks of literal flames coming out of their mouths. However,
like Jeremiah the prophet, these two witnesses (prophets) speak forth the words of the Lord or
the fiery word of God in order to consume, that is, convict the carnal flesh of men.
To reinforce this point, the word or law of God is not only likened to fire but also to a sharp
two-edged sword. Of course, Jesus is the Word and He is the Law.
From His mouth comes a sharp sword, so that with it He may strike down the nations, and He
will rule them with a rod of iron; and He treads the wine press of the fierce wrath of God, the
Almighty. (Revelation 19:15 NASB)
The writer of the Hebrews epistle clearly tells us that this sword is the word of God.
The Second Death, the Lake of Fire
December 2013
(12) For the word of God is living and active and sharper than any two-edged sword, and
piercing as far as the division of soul and spirit, of both joints and marrow, and able to judge
the thoughts and intentions of the heart. (13) And there is no creature hidden from His sight,
but all things are open and laid bare to the eyes of Him with whom we have to do. (Hebrews
4:12-13 NASB)
The purpose of the sword is to divide that which is of God (spirit) from that which is of man
(soul). Another way to state this is that it is designed to divide righteousness from wickedness
or unrighteousness. Undoubtedly, the writer of Hebrews had David's prophetic word in mind
when he penned this.
(4) The LORD is in His holy temple; the LORD'S throne is in heaven; His eyes behold, His
eyelids test the sons of men . (5) The LORD tests the righteous and the wicked, and the one
who loves violence His soul hates. (6) Upon the wicked He will rain snares; fire and brimstone
and burning wind will be the portion of their cup. (7) For the LORD is righteous, He loves
righteousness; the upright will behold His face. (Psalm 11:4-7 NASB)
Based on history, David knew of God's fiery judgments, not only of nations or cities such as
Sodom and Gomorrah, but also of his own people in their wilderness journey. Whether David
knew it or not, his words prophetically pointed to the character of all the judgments to follow,
starting with Israel (Samaria) and Judah (Jerusalem) and ending with the lake of fire. As
referenced already, this same picture of the Lord's eyes judging is also discovered in two other
verses in the Revelation that draw our attention to the flame of fire.
His head and His hair were white like white wool, like snow; and His eyes were like a flame of
fire. (Revelation 1:14 NASB)
His eyes are a flame of fire, and on His head are many diadems; and He has a name written
on Him which no one knows except Himself. (Revelation 19:12 NASB)
All of this imagery speaks of the Lord as both King and Judge. His eyes see according to His word
(law), and His mouth speaks His word (law), and, by the way, He is the Word, and He judges
according to His divine purity, for Your word is very pure (Psalm 119.140).
Enemies Without and Within
As we have seen in many of the fire verses, the Lord's fire goes forth to consume enemies. We
could say that His fiery word divides and conquers. For example, as the sons of Israel were
being readied to cross over the Jordan, the Lord promised to go before them as a consuming
fire to destroy all their enemies.
"Know therefore today that it is the LORD your God who is crossing over before you as a
consuming fire. He will destroy them and He will subdue them before you, so that you may
drive them out and destroy them quickly, just as the LORD has spoken to you. (Deuteronomy
9:3 NASB)
The Second Death, the Lake of Fire
December 2013
Turning to Isaiah, we discover that the Lord's own people had become His enemy, and He came
to them as a consuming fire.
From the LORD of hosts you will be punished with thunder and earthquake and loud noise,
with whirlwind and tempest and the flame of a consuming fire . (Isaiah 29:6 NASB)
Sinners in Zion are terrified; trembling has seized the godless. "Who among us can live with
the consuming fire ? Who among us can live with continual burning?" (Isaiah 33:14 NASB)
Do you realize that we have enemies within us as well and that these enemies have to be
consumed for us to enter into glory in heavenly bodies, typified by crossing over the Jordan into
the land of promise? Who among us believes that in our flesh we can live with the consuming
fire? If the flesh of God's chosen people, ancient Israel, could not survive the consuming and
jealous fire of God, what makes us think that our sinful flesh or our old man within us could
survive His spiritual fire? Thank God; it won't survive. Who in their right mind would want it to
survive anyway?
Another way to look at this is to use the illustration of leaven, which, in a figurative or spiritual
sense, is likened to corruption, even corrupt teaching (Exodus 12:15; Matthew 16:11-12; Luke
12:1, 1 Corinthians 5:6, 8; Galatians 5:9). Fire is needed to stop leaven from increasing. In the
same fashion, leaven or corruption within the first Adam or old man requires the fire of God to
stop its growth. Leaven is destroyed by fire.
Herein is the good news: There is a continual burning within those of us who believe; it is God's
means of burning up all that is not of the life and character of His Son so that we will be trained
up and disciplined as true sons of God. It is like our own internal river or lake of fire. Who
among us can live with continual burning?"
(15) He who walks righteously and speaks with sincerity, he who rejects unjust gain and
shakes his hands so that they hold no bribe; he who stops his ears from hearing about
bloodshed and shuts his eyes from looking upon evil; (16) he will dwell on the heights, his
refuge will be the impregnable rock; his bread will be given him, his water will be sure. (17)
Your eyes will see the King in His beauty; they will behold a far-distant land. (Isaiah 33:15-17
(1) O LORD, who may abide in Your tent? Who may dwell on Your holy hill? (2) He who walks
with integrity, and works righteousness, and speaks truth in his heart. (3) He does not slander
with his tongue, nor does evil to his neighbor, nor takes up a reproach against his friend; (4)
in whose eyes a reprobate is despised, but who honors those who fear the LORD; he swears
to his own hurt and does not change; (5) he does not put out his money at interest, nor does
he take a bribe against the innocent. He who does these things will never be shaken. (Psalm
15:1-5 NASB)
(3) Who may ascend into the hill of the LORD? And who may stand in His holy place? (4) He
who has clean hands and a pure heart, who has not lifted up his soul to falsehood and has not
The Second Death, the Lake of Fire
December 2013
sworn deceitfully. (5) He shall receive a blessing from the LORD and righteousness from the
God of his salvation. (Psalm 24:3-5 NASB)
How is this possible? With people it is impossible, but not with God; for all things are possible
with God (Mark 10:27). How? For everyone will be salted with fire (Mark 9:49). Why? Because
God is a consuming fire !
Paul knew that God is fire. He too went through the fire of God as he died daily for the body of
Christ and for the sake of the good news for all mankind. As a former, zealous Pharisee, even a
persecutor of the ecclesia, Paul knew that the works of the law could not save anyone.
However, he also knew that the works of the flesh emanating from both believer and
unbeliever alike could not and would not survive the consuming fire of God.
(12) Now if any man builds on the foundation with gold, silver, precious stones, wood, hay,
straw, (13) each man's work will become evident; for the day will show it because it is to be
revealed with fire, and the fire itself will test the quality of each man's work. (14) If any man's
work which he has built on it remains, he will receive a reward. (15) If any man's work is
burned up, he will suffer loss; but he himself will be saved, yet so as through fire. (1
Corinthians 3:12-15 NASB)
Early in my Christian education, I was taught that these verses apply only to believers. To be
sure, they do apply to believers but, perhaps, not to them exclusively. Note Paul's use of the
expression any man and how this is related to being saved, yet so as through fire, implying that
any man will be saved but his works may not survive God's consuming fire. Regardless of the
symbolic nature of any man's works, all of it must go through the refining, testing, and proving
fire of God. Some works will survive and some (probably, many) will not. Even such things as
gold and silver must be refined in fire to remove the dross and impurities.
The crucible is for silver and the furnace for gold, and each is tested by the praise accorded
him. (Proverbs 27:21 NASB)
"And I will bring the third part through the fire, refine them as silver is refined , and test them
as gold is tested. They will call on My name, and I will answer them; I will say, 'They are My
people,' and they will say, 'The LORD is my God.'" (Zechariah 13:9 NASB)
For You have tried us, O God; You have refined us as silver is refined . (Psalm 66:10 NASB)
"Behold, I have refined you, but not as silver; I have tested you in the furnace of affliction.
(Isaiah 48:10 NASB)
… so that the proving of your faith, much more precious than perishing gold, but having been
proved through fire, may be found to praise and honor and glory at the revelation of Jesus
Christ…. (1 Peter 1:7 LITV)
I advise you to buy from Me gold refined by fire so that you may become rich…. (Revelation
3:18 NASB)
The Second Death, the Lake of Fire
December 2013
Of course, wood, hay, and straw may have a more difficult time passing through God's fire, but
perhaps, even these symbolic materials may produce some commendation or reward;
nevertheless, they all must be tested, proved, or refined through and by fire. Based on this,
could we not conclude that since all of mankind's works must be judged by fire that all of us
must pass through the lake of fire? Again, everyone will be salted with fire . Is there more than
one type of judgmental fire if it is from God? Is there more than one God? No! But, Isaiah gives
some good news for those who believe and conquer in this day.
"When you walk through the fire, you will not be scorched, nor will the flame burn you."
(Isaiah 43:2 NASB)
In other words, the conquerors will walk through the lake of fire but the second death will not
hurt them, for it will have no power over them. Why? Because they will have lain down their
lives and the fire of God will have done its work in them to the point that when they face the
judgments of God, there will be nothing left to consume. They will simply walk through them
There are so many ways to discuss this topic that the greatest concern is leaving something out
that would help make this message much clearer. It might seem like there is a contradiction
over what is judged. Is it simply works or is it character emanating from the carnal flesh that is
in battle with the spirit of God? It has to be both, for God is producing a people to rule with His
Son who are fully tested, refined, and purified through and through with nothing exempted
from passing through His consuming fire. Our faith must be proved by fire.
Let's face it; we all have enemies within us that fight against God. It is a streak of lawlessness.
Paul warned the Thessalonians of the mystery of lawlessness. Many commentators today see
these verses as referring to an end-time antichrist, but put that aside for a moment and
consider these verses as a lawlessness that is inherent in our carnal, sinful nature that is being
brought into the second death.
(7) For the mystery of lawlessness is already at work; only he who now restrains will do so
until he is taken out of the way. (8) Then that lawless one will be revealed whom the Lord will
slay with the breath of His mouth and bring to an end by the appearance of His coming…. (2
Thessalonians 2:7-8 NASB)
But with righteousness He will judge the poor, and decide with fairness for the afflicted of the
earth; and He will strike the earth with the rod of His mouth, and with the breath of His lips
He will slay the wicked. (Isaiah 11:4 NASB)
Here again, we discover God's fiery word slaying the wicked. Now, apply these words to the old
man that must be experientially brought into the second death. As we go on in the Lord, there
should be fewer and fewer of these enemies, but some continue to linger. However, here is
some more good news. The Lord Jesus rules in the midst of His enemies.
The LORD will stretch forth Your strong scepter from Zion, saying, "Rule in the midst of Your
enemies." (Psalm 110:2 NASB)
The Second Death, the Lake of Fire
December 2013
Christ in you is ruling. He is ruling in the midst of you to conform and transform you to His
image so that you will bear fruit by doing the good works of the Father. This is the glory of the
good news. Relax and let Him rule, expecting Him to kill off your enemies within.
Great White Throne Judgment
(11) Then I saw a great white throne and Him who sat upon it, from whose presence earth
and heaven fled away, and no place was found for them. (12) And I saw the dead, the great
and the small, standing before the throne, and books were opened; and another book was
opened, which is the book of life; and the dead were judged from the things which were
written in the books, according to their deeds. (13) And the sea gave up the dead which were
in it, and death and Hades gave up the dead which were in them; and they were judged,
every one of them according to their deeds. (14) Then death and Hades were thrown into the
lake of fire. This is the second death, the lake of fire. (15) And if anyone's name was not found
written in the book of life, he was thrown into the lake of fire. (Revelation 20:11-15 NASB)
"But for the cowardly and unbelieving and abominable and murderers and immoral persons
and sorcerers and idolaters and all liars, their part will be in the lake that burns with fire and
brimstone, which is the second death" (Revelation 21:8 NASB).
At this point, you might be wondering what all of this has to do with the Great White Throne
Judgment as described in John's Patmos vision. After all, for most of our Christian lives we have
heard from the pulpit that the above verses are all about a countless number of men and
women being cast into a literal hell-fire for endless torture by God who is described as love.
They are toast for all of eternity! This is a lie.
Dear brethren, may your eyes be opened to the truth by the Spirit of Truth. All that has been
said about the righteous regarding the second death and the fiery judgment of God applies to
the unrighteous of all eons, as well. Their turn will come when they must put off the old man
and put on the new man, when they must face the same process of death-fire that we have
experienced. It is God who is at work in us today, and it will be God who will be at work in them
in that day, whether it is literal days or ages.
To use common Christian vernacular, what applies to the saved in this age will also be applied
to the lost from all ages at the Great White Throne Judgment. Actually, there are no lost, for all
have been found (i.e., saved) in Christ. He came to save the world, not to condemn it, especially
not to condemn it to an eternal inferno with no way out. Stated another way, there will be no
lost at the end of the day (ages), for all will have been brought experientially into the second
death to be purified and cleansed by the consuming fire of God.
For many of the so-called lost , the judgment may be more intense or severe and may last
longer but be assured it will end, for when the fire has done its work, it will cease. All leaven will
be burned up. God's consuming fire is an unquenchable one that will not cease until it has
consumed all that is of sin and death. But this does not mean His fire is endless. God's fire will
not be quenched until all that is not of His Son, meaning all death and sin and carnal works, is
totally removed from every single person born of Adam's race. The good news is that the death
The Second Death, the Lake of Fire
December 2013
and resurrection of the Son of God is a 100%, absolute success in the salvation of all men;
therefore, God's fire will do its work fully and perfectly in order to return all mankind to what
they were in the heart of God before the foundation of the world. To Him are all things,
meaning all return to God the Father!
(32) For God has shut up all in disobedience so that He may show mercy to all. (33) Oh, the
depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! How unsearchable are His
judgments and unfathomable His ways! (34) For WHO HAS KNOWN THE MIND OF THE LORD,
PAID BACK TO HIM AGAIN? (36) For from Him and through Him and to Him are all things. To
Him be the glory forever. Amen. (Romans 11:32-36 NASB)
So, if your eyes have been opened to all that has been offered so far, then simply apply the
same principles to the dead, the great and the small, standing before the Great White Throne.
Let us consider some other thoughts not covered up to this point.
First, this judgment scene is not about redemption nor is it about being saved by works or even
by the works of the law, though the law might come into play to judge sin. Works of the flesh
must be judged by some standard and the law of God has to be that standard. After all, God
cannot be capricious in His judgments. By the way, for those who see no more law but only
grace, the law is synonymous with the word of God , even God's fiery word.
In his essay on The Lake of Fire , J. Preston Eby states this about judgment and redemption:
"Judgment destroys the power of the carnal mind which blinds, which is enmity against God but
judgment does not grant redemption. It only breaks rebellion! It breaks man's stubborn will! But
redemption was purchased upon the cross."
Second, Revelation 20:11-15 starts out with a throne, which speaks of the judicial nature of a
king. A king's law and judgments emanate from his throne. In fact, a king's word is his law.
"Now it shall come about when he sits on the throne of his kingdom, he shall write for
himself a copy of this law on a scroll in the presence of the Levitical priests. (Deuteronomy
17:18 NASB)
"Now therefore, O LORD, the God of Israel, keep with Your servant David, my father, that
which You have promised him, saying, 'You shall not lack a man to sit on the throne of Israel,
if only your sons take heed to their way, to walk in My law as you have walked before Me.' (2
Chronicles 6:16 NASB)
Third, the colors white and red are associated with this great throne. Isaiah first connects the
two colors for us. Keep in mind that this word was spoken to apostate Israel and Judah that had
turned from the Lord; their sin was as bad as or even worse than that of Sodom and Gomorrah.
The Second Death, the Lake of Fire
December 2013
"Come now, and let us reason together," Says the LORD, "Though your sins are as scarlet,
they will be as white as snow; though they are red like crimson, they will be like wool. (Isaiah
1:18 NASB)
White speaks of purity and the divine nature and wisdom of Christ (e.g., Matthew 17:2),
meaning that the throne in view is pure in all its judgments and is designed to turn the fleshly
nature of all standing in its presence from scarlet to white, which, by the way, is the victory and
glory of what transpired on a cross in 33 AD. We could say that the color white speaks of the
conclusion, and the color red, as in fire, speaks of the process to produce the white. Of course,
the color red is associated with blood, and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanses us from
all sin (1 John 1:7). Interestingly, the blood of Jesus cleanses and so does the consuming fire of
God. This is a double witness of this truth. One speaks of redemption (Ephesians 1:7); the other
speaks of consumption.
Fourth, Daniel was given the same vision of the throne as John, only the two visions were
separated by about 700 years. Notice the similarity to John's vision of the throne.
(9) "I kept looking until thrones were set up, and the Ancient of Days took His seat; His
vesture was like white snow and the hair of His head like pure wool. His throne was ablaze
with flames. Its wheels were a burning fire. (10) A river of fire was flowing and coming out
from before Him; thousands upon thousands were attending Him, and myriads upon myriads
were standing before Him; the court sat, and the books were opened.' (Daniel 7:9-10 NASB)
Both Daniel and John were given visions of the judgment of God going forth from His throne.
Daniel saw a river of fire flowing from the throne of God ablaze with fire, and John saw the river
as a lake of fire before the Great White Throne. Putting the two visions together reveals that
the source of the fire is the throne. In fact, the throne is ablaze with fire, which speaks of the
law emanating from God Himself. Should we call the throne of God the hell of God ? Not if we
base hell on man's view of it; a view that is based on man's image and not on God's image.
Daniel was shown the throne with thousands attending to the Ancient of Days and myriads
upon myriads standing before the One on the throne. Clearly, this is a judicial scene, for the
court sat, meaning it is a scene of the divine courtroom in which judgments are made. The King
is seated and judgments come forth from His throne. In our day, a judge sits upon a bench and
makes judgments about lawlessness by applying what is written in the books of law that he is
sworn to uphold. In Daniel's vision, books were opened, which, most likely, refer to the law by
which the court judges the myriads standing before the Ancient of Days. No injustice or
partiality will come forth from this court; all will be judged according to the righteousness and
impartial justice of God, as expressed in His law.
John's vision reveals who are summoned to appear before the court of God. They are the great
and the small that were not included in the first resurrection. They are the dead, and they are
made alive in order to stand before the throne to be judged according to their works or deeds.
It is their works or deeds (not their beliefs) that are subjected to the lake of fire. The works, not
the people, will be consumed by God's fire.
The Second Death, the Lake of Fire
December 2013
Fifth, there are two sets of books opened before the throne. The book of life is for the Lord's
people that were not included (for whatever reason) in the first resurrection. They too must
pass through the fire, saved yet so as through fire. It is often taught that the other set of books
contains the deeds or works of the dead appearing before the throne. However, based on
Daniel's vision, it seems more appropriate that they are the books of God's divine law. No one is
saved by the law, but keep in mind what was stated earlier; this is not about redemption, it is
about judgment and consuming all that is associated with the first Adam. Christians today seem
to downplay the importance of the law, but Paul declared that the law is good (1 Timothy 1:8);
the law is holy (Romans 7:12); and the law is spiritual (Romans 7:14). How else is God to judge
man's works if they are not judged according to His divine spiritual law?
Sixth, take note of the difference between the two visions: Daniel saw a river flowing from the
throne, and John saw a lake before the throne. Taken together, a more complete vision of
God's judgment is presented. The fiery word (law) of God flows from His throne as a river that
grows into a lake. A lake can be defined as "a place where a river widens out greatly," and this is
what John observed. The word of God will go forth like a river of fire that widens out so greatly
that it becomes like a lake of fire that engulfs the myriads upon myriads standing before the
throne. A river could flow on endlessly, but God's river becomes a lake, meaning that it has
limits. It will not flow endlessly, for it has a limitation on its time and use. Simply, when it has
accomplished its purpose, it will be no more.
Do you realize that in the natural realm, given enough time, all lakes eventually fill in and are no
longer lakes? Could we infer that God's lake ceases as well? Consequently, there is a limit to the
time and use of the lake of fire, for it is called the second death and by inference is the last
death. Death is called the last enemy, and this must be abolished before the Son hands over the
reign to God the Father so that He may be all in all.
(24) Then comes the end, when He hands over the kingdom to the God and Father, when He
has abolished all rule and all authority and power. (25) For He must reign until He has put all
His enemies under His feet. (26) The last enemy that will be abolished is death. (27) For HE
HAS PUT ALL THINGS IN SUBJECTION UNDER HIS FEET. But when He says, "All things are put
in subjection," it is evident that He is excepted who put all things in subjection to Him. (28)
When all things are subjected to Him, then the Son Himself also will be subjected to the One
who subjected all things to Him, so that God may be all in all. (1 Corinthians 15:24-28 NASB)
Seventh, the term second death only appears in scripture four times and exclusively in the
Revelation . We have already considered two of them in relation to the conquerors (Revelation
2:11; 20:6). Here are the other two.
Then death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire. This is the second death, the lake of
fire. (Revelation 20:14 NASB)
"But for the cowardly and unbelieving and abominable and murderers and immoral persons
and sorcerers and idolaters and all liars, their part will be in the lake that burns with fire and
brimstone, which is the second death." (Revelation 21:8 NASB)
The Second Death, the Lake of Fire
December 2013
To repeat, the second death is the death of death, for both death and hades (the unseen of the
dead) are cast into the lake of fire or into the second death. This is all associated with the first
death brought onto mankind through the first Adam. It is clear that there is no more place for
death and the unseen; both are brought into death. They are forever gone. Sin reigns in death
and has no place apart from death and the mortal, corruptible body; it too has to be brought
into death by death. This is good news, for sin and death are brought into death, meaning the
consuming fire of God demands that they be removed. Keep in mind that under God's divine
law, the ultimate judgment is always death; there is nothing beyond this when it comes to
God's judgment.
The death of death and hades is God's way of telling all that appear in this scene of judgment: It
is done! Death and hades are no more. You cannot go back to the ways of sin and death. I have
removed their influence from you forever. It is time to deal with the vestige of sin and death
that is in you in order to deliver you out of it completely. When you experience My judgments,
you learn righteousness (Isaiah 26:9), and you learn that My Son is your righteousness.
Eighth, some might argue that since God is going to forever wipe out sin and death by the lake
of fire, it also means that He is going to wipe out all humans that are cast into the lake. At first
glance, this might seem to be the only logic of the argument, but is it? Consider the last verse
cited above (Revelation 21:8), along with the following verses that refer to those who are
outside of New Jerusalem.
(24) The nations will walk by its light, and the kings of the earth will bring their glory into it.
(25) In the daytime (for there will be no night there) its gates will never be closed; (26) and
they will bring the glory and the honor of the nations into it; (27) and nothing unclean, and no
one who practices abomination and lying, shall ever come into it, but only those whose
names are written in the Lamb's book of life. (Revelation 21:24-27 NASB)
Outside [without] are the dogs and the sorcerers and the immoral persons and the murderers
and the idolaters, and everyone who loves and practices lying. (Revelation 22:15 NASB [KJV])
Clearly, this speaks of those who are New Jerusalem (in it and of it) and those who are excluded
from it or are not part of it. The kings who bring glory into New Jerusalem are of the city and
are the kings chosen to reign with Christ. They go to and fro ministering life and healing (tree of
life and its leaves) to all who are not part of New Jerusalem. By the way, New Jerusalem and its
walls and gates signify a saved people. But you will call your walls salvation, and your gates
praise (Isaiah 60:18).
Nothing unclean, as signified by the type of people listed, will ever enter into the joy of
salvation, meaning they are outside the city. They must be cleansed in order to enter, and so
they will. If they are annihilated by the lake of fire, then why are they even listed as if they are
outside it? Why even bring them into the picture at this point? After all, the announcement
that God makes all things new has already been made in John's vision. Why must the kings of
New Jerusalem go into the earth and visit the nations that are outside, if it isn't to bring about
more glory for God and the Lamb that sit upon the throne? Could it be that part of their job is
to bring life through the Lamb to all that are outside? For God the Father to be all in all it seems
The Second Death, the Lake of Fire
December 2013
that all outside, at some point, namely by the consummation of the eons, must be purged and
cleansed of their wicked ways and made new. Won't this bring the greatest glory to God and
His plan to reconcile all things through the blood of His cross?
Further, annihilation is disproven by Jesus' death. Annihilation demands that the wages of sin
be eternal death, which means that Jesus, who paid the full and entire wages of sin, must be
suffering eternal death even today. No matter how one views death ( aka hell), Jesus is either
still there or gone forever. He is not available to us, and we are living a lie and have no hope.
The good news is that scripture simply states that the wages of sin is death, and that death is to
be abolished entirely, meaning no one thing or person will remain in death. Jesus tasted death
for all of us, and He was raised up out of it into life.
It is proposed that the lake of fire is the judgment of everything associated with sin and death
and nothing more. Everything that emanates out of sin and death must be brought into the
second death, but this does not mean that the purpose of this lake is to mete out torture or
complete annihilation of men. According to God, there will be no more death; therefore, there
can be no eternal death ( aka eternal hell) either; there is only life. The lake of fire is to bring
about the highest and greatest glory to God the Father and His Son.
Ninth, let us revisit the core verse regarding the second death.
(14) For the love of Christ controls us, having concluded this, that one died for all, therefore
all died; (15) and He died for all, so that they who live might no longer live for themselves,
but for Him who died and rose again on their behalf. (2 Corinthians 5:14-15 NASB)
Again, take note that ALL died, for Jesus died for ALL. Why? So that they might live for Him who
died for them! Don't restrict your thinking of this verse simply to believers of our day. ALL died
with Christ; in Christ ALL shall be made alive!
A few verses earlier, Paul stated that we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, so
that each one may be recompensed for his deeds in the body, according to what he has done,
whether good or bad (verse 10). ALL must appear! The timing and manner is not really all that
important, whether it is past, present, or future, or separated by 1,000 years, or it occurs all at
once. The point is that it refers to ALL with an ultimate purpose in mind; so that they who live
might no longer live for themselves, but for Him who died and rose again on their behalf .
God's plan is that all might live for His Son, for He has brought forth the justification of life to
all men (Romans 5:18).
The lake of fire will purge and cleanse all the works or deeds of fallen man and the carnal flesh
from which it proceeds; no dross will remain. The fire will burn up the carnal flesh and the
grave clothes of the dead so that they will be clothed with robes of righteousness of the living.
Praise God! This is the purpose of the lake of fire. It is not for torture or annihilation; rather, it is
for correction and restoration.
The Second Death, the Lake of Fire
December 2013
This is what J. Preston Eby has to say on this matter in his article titled The Lake of Fire :
The basic purpose of this divine fire of God is to cleanse, purify, purge, temper and change.
It is to rid of impurities, of filth, of undesirable elements. There is no better way to deal
with filth than to deal with it by fire. The punishment by penal fire leads back to the
beginning of things. The final work of God in this world will be the destruction of the world
(order) by penal fire. That will change all things. That will melt all the elements, so that no
man can tell you where his original garb was. It will burn up all the governments,
institutions, systems, and fruitage of the carnal mind. It will melt all the customs, cultures,
traditions, and practices of society and make of this earth a new earth wherein dwells
righteousness. Every man's work will eventually be tested in this fire. The fire will try every
man's work of what sort it is. If you and I build into our walls wood, hay, and stubble, that
fire will find it out, and the wall will come tumbling down. When God turns on the HEAT,
the BLAZING LIGHT OF HIS SPIRIT AND WORD - some things begin to change! The fire is
never sent to destroy the PERSON, but to purge out all that hinders and separates him
from his God, to consume the pride, arrogance, hostility, defiance, and rebellion of the
flesh, the carnal mind, that He might then be wooed and drawn by the Holy Spirit unto the
Father of Spirits and live. [end quote]
The truth is that God plans to reconcile all things to Himself, having made peace through the
blood of His cross; through Him [His Son] , whether things on earth or things in heaven
(Colossians 1:20). The truth is that God loves the world ! The truth is that God, in His love, will
save all mankind, without exception, and make all things new, so that He may be all in all new.
The lake of fire is essential in bringing about God's purpose of the eons. Eventually, all the
unrighteous and wicked will be saved, yet so as through fire, not just all believers will be saved,
yet so as through fire. It is a matter of timing and severity. Will one suffer loss? Yes! Will it be a
temporary torment of one's soul? Probably! Will one be tortured for eternity? No! By the way,
some say that the lost will be cast into the lake of fire kicking and screaming. This is conjecture,
for scripture is silent on this. Actually, I wonder if it will be just the opposite. Knowing that there
is no place to hide and no place to return to, they might realize that there is a much better way
for them, even if it will require torment.
Paul's Revelation of God's Fiery Judgment
We might think that John was the only one to see the lake of fire, but it appears that Paul, if he
did not see it, at least understood it. These verses have been mentioned already, but let us
consider them once more in the light of all that has been presented.
(11) For no man can lay a foundation other than the one which is laid, which is Jesus Christ.
(12) Now if any man builds on the foundation with gold, silver, precious stones, wood, hay,
straw, (13) each man's work will become evident; for the day [Great White Throne] will show
it because it is to be revealed with fire, and the fire itself will test the quality of each man's
work. (14) If any man's work which he has built on it remains, he will receive a reward. (15) If
any man's work is burned up, he will suffer loss; but he himself will be saved, yet so as
through fire [lake of fire] . (1 Corinthians 3:11-15 NASB [added by writer])
The Second Death, the Lake of Fire
December 2013
Where does this fire come from if not from the throne of God that both Daniel and John saw,
and Paul probably saw when he was snatched away to the third heaven (2 Corinthians 12:2)?
The fire is for the purpose of testing the quality of man's work. Isaiah referred to it as the spirit
of judgment and the spirit of burning (Isaiah 4:4). What kind of judgment by burning is needed
to do this, spiritually speaking? To burn something requires fire. There is only one fire in
scripture that is capable of doing this; it is God's consuming fire that will judge the quality of
each man's work. But notice that the work must be based on the foundation of God's Son and
not on the foundation of man. All that is built on man will be consumed by God's fire, for God is
a consuming fire.
The lake of fire may be a season of anguish or even torment for those cast into it, but this is a
good thing, for it will lead to their ultimate restoration through the love of God that wins their
hearts to truly and willingly love God, doing His will in all things as they continually confess
Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father. In that glorious day, God the Father will be
All in all, and all creation will be in love. This is the absolute success, victory, and glory of the
Who among us who claim the name of Jesus has never experienced torment of our soul as we
die daily to our own self-centered ways? Assuming we are dying daily. There is a point or, even,
many points in our journey of becoming like Christ that we seem to have our own Gethsemane
experience. No one is exempt from this! If it is essential for our growth, how much more
essential is it for all those cast into God's fiery lake? However, the big difference for them is
that they start out not personally knowing the Lord. Our torment comes about in various ways
and stages as we die to the old man (self) and grow in the Lord. The difference is that they will
start out with torment as they stand in the presence of a righteousness they never knew. Those
who worship the beast (within and without) will be tormented, but notice what torments them.
Torment is Testing
The same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out without mixture
into the cup of his indignation; and he shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the
presence of the holy angels [messengers], and in the presence of the Lamb…. (Revelation
14:10 KJV [YLT])
The presence of the righteous Lamb of God and His holy messengers brings torment to the
idolaters. The Lamb does not even have to touch them to bring torment; all He needs to do is
appear before them. Can you imagine the response from the unrighteous as they appear in the
presence of the Righteous One, typified as a gentle lamb? He doesn't appear to them as a
roaring lion that devours. No! He is the gentle, loving Lamb of God that takes away the sin of
the world, for God so loves the world. Can you imagine the response of those looking into the
eyes of the Lamb that are filled with the love of God? There will be no hate in His eyes, only
compassion and mercy, for they do not know what they are doing (Luke 23:34).
To be sure, the words torment and brimstone do not conjure up good images in most people's
minds, especially the Christian mind that has been taught to think in terms of an eternal hell. It
The Second Death, the Lake of Fire
December 2013
is time to throw off this shackle and have our eyes opened to the greater truth of God's love for
all. Both torment and brimstone have meanings that actually are quite encouraging.
The word torment is translated from the Greek word basinizo [ Strong's G928]. The word
basinizo comes from the root word basanos [G931], which, according to Strong's Concordance ,
refers to a touchstone.
Depending on the source, there are various and conflicting meanings assigned to this word.
Based on a variety of sources, it can mean to...
1. Test (metals) by the touchstone, which is a black siliceous stone used to test the purity
of gold or silver by the color of the streak produced on it by rubbing it with either metal.
2. Question by applying torture.
3. Torture.
4. Vex with grievous pains (of body or mind), to torment.
5. Be harassed, distressed, of those who are at sea struggling with a head wind.
Of the five definitions, the first one is the most intriguing and, perhaps, the most accurate one
in understanding the true nature of torment, for this one dates back to the Babylonians. In that
day, a touchstone was a black siliceous stone that was used to test the purity of gold or silver.
When the touchstone was rubbed across gold or silver, the streak caused by the touchstone
turned a certain color and the color determined the quality of the metal. The touchstone was
also called the proving stone . In other words, this stone was used to prove the quality of the
gold and silver. This was the meaning of the word basinizo up to the third century AD, which
means that when it was penned by John in the first century, it simply referred to a touchstone
or testing and not to torment, and definitely not to torture. Jonathan Mitchell's New Testament
attempts to capture this original meaning.
"he or she will also drink out of the wine of God's rushing emotion (strong passion; anger) – of
the one having been mixed undiluted within the cup of His inherent fervor (natural bent;
impulse; indignation; wrath) . And he will be examined (scrutinized with the touchstone to test
his "mettle") with Fire and Deity (or: in union with Fire, even Divine qualities) in the presence
of (before; the in the sight of) the set-apart agents, and in the presence of (before) the little
Lamb." (Revelation 14:10 JMNT)
It is a testing or examination or proving the worth of the ones appearing before the little Lamb.
This same Greek word is found in the story of the disciples battling the waves while in a boat.
But the boat was already a long distance from the land, battered [ basinizo ] by the waves; for
the wind was contrary. (Matthew 14:24 NASB)
Jonathan Mitchell translates this as continuously being tried – as with a touchstone to test its
metal (and thus, its mettle). Clearly, the disciples were being tested by the waves, but they
were not tortured and they survived the rough weather.
The Second Death, the Lake of Fire
December 2013
Notice that in Revelation 14:10, the testing or examination is by fire and brimstone or, as
Mitchell puts it, Deity. Thus, we are given the same picture of God's spirit-fire signifying
purification through testing. What about the brimstone?
Brimstone as an Agent of Love
… he shall be tormented with fire and brimstone (Revelation 14:10 NASB)
… their part will be in the lake that burns with fire and brimstone, which is the second death."
(Revelation 21:8 NASB)
It can be stated without much, if any, contradiction that when most people hear the word
brimstone , they conjure up images of people being tormented (actually, more like tortured) in
hell . As stressed many times in my writings, the modern-day concept of hell maligns the loving
and merciful character of God.
In the physical sense, the English word brimstone simply refers to sulfur (sulphur). The word is
traced to the Old English word brynstan , which is made up of brin , meaning "to burn," and stan ,
meaning "stone." Taken from the ground, sulfur, which has the atomic number 16, appears as a
bright yellow crystalline solid that burns easily; hence, it is called a burning stone . Notice that
we are presented not only with a touchstone but now a burning stone.
Sulfur is one of the oldest known substances used as a fungicide (kills fungus) and pesticide
(kills pests). It is a component in fertilizer, black gun powder, and matches, and is used in the
process of manufacturing cellophane, rayon, rubber, bleaching paper, and a host of other
products. Also, it is an essential element of life, being found in two amino acids, cysteine and
methionine, and it is used to save lives and fight infections by being formulated into a form of
drugs called sulfa drugs . As such, in a physical or natural sense, sulfur is not a bad thing, for it
has many good uses, especially when it comes to life and its preservation. On the other hand, it
can also be used to kill.
When it comes to its spiritual meaning or application, the traditions of men have built up quite
a bias against the word brimstone . Bible dictionaries generally identify brimstone as sulfur
(sulphur), an inflammable mineral substance found in quantities on the shores of the Dead Sea,
which is a most appropriate understanding of the word. Most go on to define it as denoting
destruction or punishment and expressing the idea of excruciating torment . This is based on
the literal destruction of the ancient cities on the plain, Sodom and Gomorrah, and on a literal
and torturous lake of fire. The question is this: Is there a spiritual meaning to brimstone that
goes beyond physical destruction of the flesh?
The first mention of brimstone is found in the account of the Lord judging Sodom and
Gomorrah by totally destroying the cities of the plain by fire and brimstone. There was no
torture in this judgment; it was simply a total destruction of the city and its inhabitants. All who
died on the plain will be raised up in the second resurrection to face the Great White Throne
The Second Death, the Lake of Fire
December 2013
(24) Then the LORD rained on Sodom and Gomorrah brimstone [ gophriyth ] and fire from the
LORD out of heaven, (25) and He overthrew those cities, and all the valley, and all the
inhabitants of the cities, and what grew on the ground. (Genesis 19:24-25 NASB)
The Hebrew word for brimstone is gophriyth , which is related to cypress resin and, by analogy,
inflammable (burning) sulphur, and is derived from the Hebrew word gopher , which is
identified with a type of wood, in particular, cypress wood. If you recall, Noah was commanded
to make the ark out of gopher wood (Genesis 6:14).
In the New Testament, the first mention of brimstone comes from Jesus as He referred to the
ancient judgment in Lot's day (Luke 17:29), and the last mention in scripture is associated with
the Great White Throne Judgment and the lake of fire (Revelation 21:8).
The Greek word for brimstone is theion , which conveys the sense of flashing, as in inflammable
sulphur, and is derived from theios , which means " divine, godhead ." This has led some
commentators to refer to the fire and brimstone of Revelation as Fire and Deity .
Putting all these notes together, it is proposed that, spiritually speaking, brimstone denotes
something good, not bad, for it speaks of God's means of cleansing of man. In the physical
sense, it was used to literally destroy sinful flesh (i.e., death of the body, not torture), but, in
the spiritual sense, it signifies (figuratively speaking) the cleansing of man from his sinful nature
and works of the flesh. Its ultimate purpose is salvation, not destruction or annihilation.
Consider these few points.
First, the first mention of a Hebrew word in the Old Testament sets the meaning for the Greek
word in the New Testament when the same Hebrew verse is repeated or referenced in the New
Testament. As such, in its primal meaning, brimstone refers to gopher wood , which was used to
save Noah and his family who were brought safely through the water; in type, baptized into
Christ through His resurrection (1 Peter 3:20-21). Salvation!
Second, in the Greek, brimstone is also connected to that which is divine . Many probably think
of it as connected to the devil and hell, but there is a much better connection, given the fact
that the words divine and godhead are attached to the meaning of brimstone . Brimstone is the
character of the fire. However, it is not ordinary fire and brimstone; it is God is consuming Fire
and Deity . There is nothing in this that relates to the natural; it is spiritual throughout.
Third, brimstone is like a sulfa drug used to fight off infection and disease in the mortal body. In
the spiritual sense, it signifies the agent by which God cleanses or, if you will, purges man from
the works or deeds of the flesh (Revelation 20:13). All the dead will be judged before the Great
White Throne and will have a part in the lake that burns with fire and brimstone, which is the
second death. Will this bring torment to (testing of) one's soul, as in weeping and gnashing of
teeth (Matthew 8:12; 13:42, 50; 22:13; 24:51; 25:30; Luke 13:28)? Undoubtedly, it will. After all,
even some treatments of illnesses and diseases cause pain in the physical flesh.
The Second Death, the Lake of Fire
December 2013
Fourth, the atomic number for sulfur is 16 , which is the number of love . God is love , and in His
love He mercifully judges, even the unjust, for the purpose of leading all to be saved and come
to the knowledge of the truth through the man Christ Jesus (Anointed, Messiah) who gave
Himself a ransom for all, not just some or a few but ALL (1 Timothy 2:4-6). Could we not say
that at the heart of brimstone is God is love !
Fifth, the gematria for the Hebrew word for brimstone is 693, which is a factor of 9 times 77.
The number 9 signifies judgment , and the number 7 signifies divine perfection or perfection of
what is in view . The number 77 could signify either a double witness or a factor of 7 times 10
with the number 10 signifying ordinal completion or perfection of divine order , as well as the
fullness of law and responsibility . As a whole, these numbers all point to God's perfect
judgment. Thus, brimstone signifies God bringing about His divine, perfect order that will
ultimately include the unjust. At the consummation of the ages, the unrighteous will join the
ranks of the righteous company of God.
Sixth, the gematria for brimstone in Greek is 144 , which signifies the first resurrection saints.
144 is also the multiplication of 12 by 12, and the number 12 signifies divine government ; also
it is the primary number of New Jerusalem (Revelation 21-22).
Brimstone could be called the sulfa drug of God that will cleanse and purge all mankind of
sinful deeds, so that by the consummation of the ages, all will be restored to God, so that the
Father will be All in All New (1 Corinthians 15:20-28; Revelation 21:5), proving love never fails!
Oh, the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! (Romans 11:33)
Before closing this out, I have one clarification to make. In other writings I have often referred
to the lake of fire as the fiery law of God and made the point that God's fiery law is going to
judge the dead. This was based on seeing the opened books as God's divine law, His law books.
In some measure, I have made this point in this article but have purposely muted it a bit.
Although I see some truth in this, I no longer hold to it so tightly. Remaining with the principle
of spiritual to spiritual, it seems a bit too legalistic and, frankly, natural to inject the law so
strongly, as if it was something apart from Christ Himself. When the law or even God's word is
mentioned, I venture to say that many think of Moses' law and the many translations we use
today that are commonly called the inspired word of God or the bible. But what is the Word of
God, and what is the Law of God? The answer is not what but who . Who is the Word of God
and who is the fulfillment of the Law of God? Of course, it is the Son of God who is the Word. In
the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God (John 1:1).
The One sitting upon the Great White Throne is the Word. Most likely, He won't open a thing
called the bible and read from it. He won't even open a law book to cite chapter and verse. He
is the Word, and He is the Law. What He speaks is truth. He is the Truth and all that He sees, all
that speaks, and all that He judges is based on His life as Truth. His Word is Truth. The Lord
doesn't even need a book of life to know His own, for He knows all that are of His life. The Lord
knows who are His (2 Timothy 2:19). He is the Book!
The Second Death, the Lake of Fire
December 2013
It is my opinion that the books referenced in Revelation 20 are meant to be taken figuratively or
symbolically of the action coming forth from the One on the throne. His word is like fire that
shatters a rock. Truly, that which emanates from His mouth is the lake of fire, for it will shatter
all that is of the old man and his works.
The entirety of the Revelation is an unveiling of Jesus Christ. It is about Him. It is about Him
being unveiled in all of humanity. All humanity (mankind) will be an expression of the Son of
God and the Son of Man. He is the New Creation. He is filling all things with His life so that His
Father may be all in all in all things new. The second death and lake of fire signify the Person of
the Word of God bringing all things into perfection, all to the glory of God.
It seems apparent, at least to me, and I hope to you, that the second death, the lake of Fire and
Deity, is God's way of bringing all the dead of mankind into the life of His glorious ALL in ALL as
He makes all things new. Death in all its forms is an enemy, and God's Son came to defeat all
the works of every enemy of God and of man. By the way, He did it!
Jesus summed up the plight of man when He cried out on the cross: "My God, My God, why
have You forsaken Me?" The good news is that this cry has been resolved to the good and
glory of all mankind. It is a settled issue. This cry, though it cries out from the depths of many
today, is destined to end forever, for the Son has declared: "Do not be afraid; I am the first and
the last, and the living One; and I was dead, and behold, I am alive forevermore, and I have
the keys of death and of Hades" (Revelation 1:17-18).
All that was and has been wrought upon mankind by the first death of the first man will be
balled up or boxed up, so to speak, into one whole package and the entire package will be
thrust into the second death of the Second Man so that it is no more. In God's eyes, it is a done
deal. Christ died for all, consequently all died. In Christ all will be made alive.
That which has brought death and its companion sin into mankind as an incurable infection
with no way out for mankind has been given a sentence of death. The day is coming when
death and sin will be cast into death and cease from God's creation forever. The consummate
enemy of mankind and of all creation will be finally and forever cast out of every man and
women that has lived and yet will live on planet earth. Death (and sin) will never be seen again
and no one will ever be tempted to return to this horrific state. Most likely, no one will ever
remember it once it has passed. The roots of our sin will not even come to memory, for they
will be dead, plucked up, and cast into a fiery death.
The whole of the lake of fire is a picture of Lazarus coming out of the tomb after four days and
Jesus commanding: "Unbind him, and let him go." And, so it will be for all of mankind, every
single natural man and woman that came from the soil of the earth. All will come out of death
into life. The grave clothes of death will be removed once and for all, never to be applied to
man again. Hallelujah! Thanks be to God through Jesus Christ our Lord!